A coastal city vulnerable to climate change and rising sea levels, Accra is the capital city for the Republic of Ghana on the northwest area of Africa near Togo, Benin and Nigeria.
Accra’s southern Atlantic coastline is blessed with popular beaches, notably Labadi Beach. The capital’s beachfront area is home to the Academy of African Music and Arts.
One financial reality that Accra residents have to cope with is high inflation. In 2016, Ghana had an inflation rate of 17.8% according to the Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook–among the world’s highest.
Located east of Accra’s beaches is Tema Harbor, Africa’s largest manmade harbor. A major share of Ghana’s exports pass through two seaports: Tema Harbor and Takoradi harbor. The latter is closer to the country’s southwestern coastline.
Ghana was among the world’s 90 top exporters in 2016, shipping US$10.7 billion worth of goods around the globe. Ghana’s highest-value exports are gold, cocoa, petroleum oils, coconuts, manganese, lumber and aluminum according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Accra, Ghana: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Bojo Beach, Makola Market and Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Accra, Ghana:
- Jerry J. Rawlings, former president (born Jun. 22, 1947)
- Asamoah Gyan, soccer player/footballer (born Nov. 22, 1985)
- Yvonne Nelson, actress & model (born Nov. 12, 1985)
- Ezekiel Ansah, NFL football player (born May 29, 1989)
- Shatta Wale, Reggae singer (born Oct. 17, 1984)
- Majid Michel (aka Shaker), actor (born Sep. 22, 1980)
- MzVee, award-winning singer (born Jun. 23, 1992)
- Michael Essien, soccer player/footballer (born Dec. 3, 1982)
- Hugh Quarshie, actor (born Dec. 22, 1954)
- Jay Breezy, illustrator (born Oct. 10, 1995)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Accra resident: Accran
Population: 2,277,000 (Accra city)
Density: 33,985 people per square mile (13,122 per square kilometer)
Population: 4,095,000 (Greater Accra Region)
Density: 3,268 people per square mile (1,262 per square kilometer)
Population: 26,908,262 (Ghana)
Density: 306 people per square mile (118 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$120.8 billion as of October 2016 (for Ghana, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $4,489
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Accra were unavailable.
Official currency used in Accra: Ghanaian Cedi
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 27, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Africa: Ghana. Accessed on February 3, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 27, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 27, 2016
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 3, 2017
Official Government Website, Government of Accra (Greater Accra Region). Accessed on November 27, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Accra. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Wikipedia, Ghana. Accessed on February 3, 2017
Wikipedia, Greater Accra Region. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Accra city is synonymous with the Accra Metropolis District, both occupying the same land area of 67 square miles (174 square kilometers). About 2.3 million people live within the perimeters of that area.
Even though the Greater Accra Region contains a formidable 1,253 square miles (3,245 square kilometers), nevertheless it is the smallest of Ghana’s 10 administrative regions in terms of land area. The Greater Accra Region divides into 16 districts near the Gulf of Guinea, and which collectively served as home to 4.1 million residents in 2015.
At the country level, Ghana’s land area covers 87,851 square miles (227,533 square kilometers). The national population count was 26.9 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is much higher within Ghana’s capital city (and therefore also the Accra Metropolis District) with an average 34,000 Accrans per square mile (13,100 per square kilometer).
Much of the vast Greater Accra Region is not yet urbanized, which is why its density falls dramatically to an average 3,300 people per square mile (1,300 per square kilometer).
For Ghana overall, population density drops to an average 300 inhabitants per square mile (120 per square kilometer).
Ghana attained independence from the United Kingdom on March 6, 1957. Ghanaians celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each March 6.