Home to Africa’s largest open market known as the Merkato district, Addis Ababa is the capital city for the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
Situated in the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia is the world’s most populous landlocked nation and trails only Nigeria for having the highest African population.
Addis Ababa was the site for a Guinness World Record for the biggest human replication of an airplane. In June 2016 at Addis Ababa Airport, a record-setting 350 Ethiopian Airlines employees wore bright yellow uniforms and stood in measured formation to accurately outline an Airbus 350 XWB. The event was a tribute to Ethiopian Airlines’ purchase of Africa’s first Airbus 350 XWB, an important milestone for the region’s aviation industry.
Ethiopia shipped US$2.9 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2017. Ethiopia’s highest-value exports include processed coffee, petroleum oils, fresh cut roses, miscellaneous vegetables, sesame seeds, live cattle, gold, kidney beans and goat meat according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Holy Trinity Cathedral, Ethnological Museum and Red Terrors Martyrs Memorial Museum
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia:
- Kenna, rock singer (born Oct. 30, 1978)
- Lola Monroe, hip-hop artist (born Oct. 25, 1986)
- Ruth Negga, actress (born Jan. 7, 1982)
- Liya Kebede, model (born Mar. 1, 1978)
- Marcus Samuelsson, chef (born Jan. 25, 1970)
- Gelila Bekele, model (born Sep. 4, 1986)
- Dinaw Mengestu, novelist (born Jun. 30, 1978)
- Abel Tilahun, artist (born 1983)
- Michael Tsegaye, artist & photographer (born Apr. 26, 1975)
- Andargachew Tsige, politician & critic (born Feb. 9, 1955)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Addis Ababa resident: Addis Ababans
Population: 3,465,000 (Addis Ababa built-up urban area)
Density: 18,934 people per square mile (7,311 per square kilometer)
Population: 5,000,000 (Addis Ababa metropolitan area)
Density: 24,594 people per square mile (9,496 per square kilometer)
Population: 102,374,044 (Ethiopia)
Density: 265 people per square mile (102 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$174.7 billion as of October 2016 (for Ethiopia, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $1,706
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Addis Ababa were unavailable.
Official currency used in Addis Ababa: Ethiopian birr
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 29, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Africa: Ethiopia. Accessed on February 6, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 29, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 29, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 29, 2016
Guinness World Records, Ethiopian Airlines celebrates Airbus 350 XWB delivery by setting world record. Accessed on February 6, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 6, 2017
Official Government Website, Addis Ababa City Council. Accessed on November 29, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 29, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Addis Ababa. Accessed on November 29, 2016
Wikipedia, Ethiopia. Accessed on February 6, 2017
Wikipedia, List of metropolitan areas in Africa. Accessed on November 29, 2016
Addis Ababa’s built-up urban area spans 183 square miles (474 square kilometers) with an estimated population of 3.5 million people in 2015. As a chartered city, Addis Ababa has the status of a city-state.
The metropolitan area for Addis Ababa contains rural terrain, extending over approximately 203 square miles (527 square kilometers). While credible statistics are sparse, projections put the metropolitan area’s population at approximately 5 million people.
At the country level, Ethiopia’s land area covers 386,102 square miles (1,000,000 square kilometers). The national population count was 102.4 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density within Ethiopia’s capital city is an average 19,000 Addis Ababans per square mile (7,300 per square kilometer).
On the other hand, density throughout Addis Ababa’s metropolitan area is 24,600 people per square mile (9,500 per square kilometer).
For Ethiopia overall, population density drops significantly to an average 270 inhabitants per square mile (100 per square kilometer).
Ethiopians celebrate National Day as a public holiday each May 28.