Jordan’s capital was once named Philadelphia in ancient times–after Ptolemy Philadelphus who rebuilt the city during his reign. Today, nicknames for Amman include the “City of Stairs” and “White Pigeon”, the latter reflecting ubiquitous flocks of pigeons in the Jordanian capital.
Research website numbeo ranks Amman in the bottom quarter compared to the 250 cities evaluated on its overall quality of life index at June 2020. Amman scored poorly on index factors such as purchasing power (lowest 13%), pollution (highest 15%) and traffic commute time (worst 20%).
The Jordan Museum in Amman displays some of the Dead Sea Scrolls and other world-class archeological findings.
Amman’s Landmark hotel was the site for a Guinness World Record on July 28, 2012 when 10 chefs prepared the largest falafel ever. The gigantic falafel measured 51.2 inches (130 centimeters) in diameter and weighed 164.8 pounds (74.75 kilograms). The supersized concoction was made from a traditional recipe of chickpeas, parsley and coriander with mixed spices.
Amman was recognized by the Guinness World Records as the location for another tasty milestone. On June 2, 2016, 150 students and employees at the Royal Academy of Culinary Arts created the world’s biggest cookie mosaic by assembling 18,865 biscuits. Measuring 2,013.28 square feet (187.04 square meters), the gargantuan cookie mosaic displayed a map of Jordan using a palette of colors from the country’s flag.
From an international trade perspective, Jordan exported an estimated US$6.4 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2019. Its most valuable exports include potassic fertilizers (9.7% of Jordan’s global total), knitted or crocheted jerseys, pullovers and coats (9.6%), women’s suits, jackets, dresses and skirts (8.6%), phosphoric acids (7.2%), natural calcium phosphates (7.1%) and phenols or phenol-alcohols (3.8%) according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Amman, Jordan: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Royal Automobile Museum, Jordan Museum, National Archaeological Museum and King Abdullah Mosque
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Amman, Jordan.
- Abdullah II, King of Jordan (born Jan. 30, 1962)
- Ayah Marar, singer (born Sep. 20, 1980)
- Zade Dirani, pianist & composer (born Feb. 1, 1980)
- Ola Al-Fares, journalist & TV presenter (born Nov. 6, 1985)
- Mohammad Bashar, singer & TV host (born Aug. 3, 1988)
- Saba Mubarak, actress & producer (born Apr. 10, 1976)
- Adham Nabulsi, singer (born Nov. 20, 1993)
- Amin Matalqa, film director & producer (born Feb. 27, 1976)
- Zap Tharwat, rapper (born Sep. 21, 1987)
- Zain Karazon, social media personality (born Jun. 24, 1990)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for an Amman resident: Ammani
Population: 2,148,291 (Amman) at July 27, 2020
Density: 16,153 people per square mile (6,245 per square kilometer)
Population: 10,210,847 (Jordan) at July 27, 2020
Density: 298 people per square mile (115 per square kilometer)
Median age for all Jordan: 23.8 years old
GDP: US$97.2 billion in 2019 (Jordan)
GDP per person: $9,649
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Amman were unavailable.
Official currency used in Amman: Jordan dinar
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data).
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas.
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Middle East: Jordan.
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition.
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition.
Guinness World Records, Culinary students create largest cookie mosaic in Jordan for independence day.
Guinness World Records, Largest falafel prepared in Jordan.
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Databases.
International Trade Centre, Trade Map.
Numbeo, Quality of Life Index by City.
Official Government Website, Amman Municipality.
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags.
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Amman Governate.
Wikipedia, Greater Amman Municipality.
WorldOMeter, Jordan Population.
Independence Day is Jordan’s national holiday, celebrated each May 25.
Amman’s land area measures 133 square miles (344 square kilometers). Amman’s population was 2.1 dwellers as of July 27, 2020.
At the country level, Jordan’s land area covers 34,278 square miles (88,780 square kilometers). The nation’s population count was 10.2 million people in July 2020.
Population density is more concentrated within Amman, averaging 16,153 residents per square mile (6,245 per square kilometer).
Zooming out to Jordan’s overall land boundaries, population density thins out to an average 298 inhabitants per square mile (115 per square kilometer).