Home to more museums per square mile than any other city, Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands–a country also called Holland and one of the six original members that founded the European Union.
The Rijksmuseum showcases many important art collections of classical Dutch art, notably top pieces like The Night Watch created by Amsterdam’s most famous artist Rembrandt.
Amsterdam tied for 10th place with Stockholm among cities ranked for the strongest economic clout by PwC’s 2016 Cities of Opportunity Index. The Dutch capital scored well on economic clout benchmarks for financial and business services employment as well as productivity.
Amsterdam’s economic power is supported by the fact that 17 of Fortune Global 500 companies have their headquarters located in the Netherlands’ capital city. Those global firms include financial services titan ING Group, electronics kingpin Royal Philips and beverages behemoth Heineken Holding.
The Netherlands was the world’s eighth-leading exporter in 2016, shipping US$569.4 billion worth of goods around the globe. Highest-value Dutch exports are processed petroleum oils, medicines, phone system devices including smartphones, petroleum gas, computers and electro-medical equipment (e.g. xray machines) according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Amsterdam, Netherlands: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Rijksmuseum, Van Gogh Museum, National Maritime Museum (Het Scheepvaartmuseum), Dam Square and the Ann Frank House
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Amsterdam, Netherlands:
- Didi Gregorius, professional baseball player (born Feb. 18, 1990)
- Douwe Bob, singer-songwriter (born Dec. 13, 1992)
- Madiea Ghafoor, track & field athlete (born Sep. 9, 1992)
- Glennis Grace, singer (born Jun. 19, 1978)
- Candy Dulfer, saxophonist (born Sep. 19, 1969 )
- Caro Emerald, pop & jazz singer (born Apr. 26, 1981)
- Lodewijk Asscher, former deputy prime minister (born Sep. 27, 1974)
- Luciano Narsingh, footballer/soccer player (born Sep. 13, 1990)
- Willy Lindwer, documentary filmmaker (born Mar. 18, 1946)
- Kenny Tete, footballer/soccer player (born Oct. 9, 1995)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches of published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Amsterdam resident: Amsterdammer
Population: 844,667 (Amsterdam municipality)
Density: 9,975 people per square mile (3,851 per square kilometer)
Population: 1,635,000 (Amsterdam’s built-up urban area including Haarlem)
Density: 8,385 people per square mile (3,237 per square kilometer)
Population: 17,016,967 (Netherlands)
Density: 1,300 people per square mile (502 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$320.6 billion in 2014 (Rotterdam-Amsterdam)
GDP per person: $45,265
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Amsterdam: euro
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on December 10, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Europe: Netherlands. Accessed on January 30, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on December 10, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on December 10, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on December 10, 2016
Fortune, 2015 Global 500. Accessed on January 30, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on January 30, 2017
Official Website, I amsterdam. Accessed on December 10, 2016
PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), 2016 Cities of Opportunity Report. Accessed on January 30, 2017
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas – Population, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on December 10, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on December 10, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Amsterdam. Accessed on January 30, 2017
Wikipedia, Haarlem. Accessed on January 30, 2017
Wikipedia, Netherlands. Accessed on January 30, 2017
City limits for the municipality of Amsterdam contain an area measuring 84.7 square miles (219.3 square kilometers). An estimated 844,667 people lived in the city as of September 2016.
Combined with Amsterdam city proper, the larger built-up urban area surrounding Amsterdam plus nearby provincial capital Haarlem results in a total land area equal to 195 square miles (505 square kilometers). The overall population of this urban agglomerate was approximately 1.6 million during 2015.
At the country level, the Netherlands’ land territory covers 13,086 square miles (33,893 square kilometers). The national population count was 17 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Netherlanders celebrate King’s Day on each April 27 as a national holiday to mark the King’s birthday (or April 26 if April 27 is a Sunday).
Population density is modestly higher within the municipal boundaries of Holland’s capital city, with an average 10,000 Amsterdammers per square mile (3,900 per square kilometer).
Adding in Amsterdam’s surrounding urbanized areas including nearby Haarlem, the capital for the province of North Holland, lowers the density metric to an average 8,400 people per square mile (3,200 per square kilometer).
For the Netherlands overall, national population density drops to an average 1,300 residents per square mile (500 per square kilometer).