Recognized for having the world’s greatest concentration of white marble buildings by the Guinness Book of Records, Ashgabat is the capital city of the Central Asian country Turkmenistan.
One of the city’s main symbols, Ashgabat Fountain boasts the most fountain pools in a public place than anywhere else on Earth. Another prized building in Ashgabat is the decorative octagon-shaped Star of Oguzkhan acknowledged in the Guinness Book of Records as being the world’s biggest architectural image of that star.
Ashgabat is also noted for its distinctive street-naming convention, which employs serial numbers instead of street names–except for nine major highways named after former Turkmen leader Saparmurat Niyazov and his family. For example, 2000 represents Ashgabat’s Central Palace area and celebrates the start of the twenty-first century. Ashgabat’s remaining streets are designated with four-digits either under or over 2000.
Turkmenistan exported an estimated US$7.4 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. Highest-value Turkmenistani exports are petroleum gas, oil, peat, raw cotton, cotton yarn, plastic polymers, sulfur and linens according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Ashgabat, Turkmenistan: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Turkmenistan Tower, Ashgabat Fountain, Star of Oguzkhan, Alem Cultural and Entertainment Center, Gypjak Mosque, Ashgabat Natural Museum of History and the Turkmen Carpet Museum
Demonym for a resident of Turkey: Turkmen
Population: 755,000 (Ashgabat)
Density: 16,064 people per square mile (6,202 per square kilometer)
Population: 5,291,317 (Turkmenistan)
Density: 29 people per square mile (11 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$88.6 billion in 2015 (for Turkmenistan, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $16,400
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Ashgabat were unavailable.
Official currency used in Ashgabat: Turkmenistan manat
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on January 10, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on January 10, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Central Asia: Turkmenistan. Accessed on February 15, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on January 10, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on January 10, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on July 31, 2017
Official Government Website, Ashgabat. Accessed on January 10, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on January 10, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Ashgabat. Accessed on January 10, 2017
Wikipedia, Turkmenistan. Accessed on February 15, 2017
Ashgabat’s built-up urban area measures 47 square miles (122 square kilometers) and was home to an estimated 755,000 residents in 2015 according to Demographia.
At the country level, Turkmenistan’s land area covers 181,441 square miles (469,930 square kilometers). The national population count was 5.3 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is much more intense within the capital city Ashgabat with an average 16,100 inhabitants per square mile (6,200 per square kilometer).
Within national borders, population density drops drastically to an average 29 Turkmen per square mile (11 per square kilometer) for Turkmenistan overall.
Turkmenistan gained its freedom from the Soviet Union on October 27, 1991. Residents celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each October 27.