Astana is the Republic of Kazakhstan’s capital city. The world’s largest landlocked country, Kazakhstan is a transcontinental nation that straddles northern Central Asia and Eastern Europe.
Astana was formerly called Tselinograd under the old Soviet Union regime.
Astana is home to the headquarters for KazMunaiGas Exploration, a large oil and gas operator that ranks among the Forbes Global 2000 World’s Biggest Public Companies.
Kazakhstan exported US$36.8 billion worth of products around the globe in 2016. Highest-value Kazakhstani exports include petroleum oils and gases, copper, radioactive chemical elements and isotopes, ferro-alloys, wheat, silver and zinc according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Astana, Kazakhstan: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Astana Arena, Baiterek Tower, Hazret Sultan Mosque, Nur-Astana Mosque, Kazakhstan Central Concert Hall, Museum of the First President of Kazakhstan and Palace of Peace and Reconciliation
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Astana, Kazakhstan:
- Konstantin Airich, heavyweight boxer (born Nov. 4, 1978)
- Anna Alyabyeva, gymnastics Olympic medalist (born Nov. 13, 1993)
- Dinara Saduakassova, chess grandmaster (born Oct. 31, 1996)
- Larisa Bergen, Olympic volleyball medalist (born Sep. 22, 1949)
- Karim Masimov, former prime minister (born Jun. 15, 1965)
- Anton Pampushnyy, actor (born May 5, 1982)
- Viktor Lakisov, visual effects director (born Jul. 23, 1976)
- Oksana Sidorenko, director (born Jul. 7, 1984)
- Dana Kaparova, model & Miss World contestant (born 1988)
- Sultan Munadi, journalist killed by friendly fire (born Nov. 22, 1976)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Kazakhstani resident: Kazakh
Population: 860,368 (Astana)
Density: 3,138 people per square mile (1,211 per square kilometer)
Population: 18,360,353 (Kazakhstan)
Density: 18 people per square mile (7 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$460.7 billion as of October 2016 (for Kazakhstan, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $25,669
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Astana were unavailable.
Official currency used in Astana: Kazakhstani tenge
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on January 10, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on January 10, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on January 10, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on January 10, 2017
Official Government Website, Mayor’s Office of Astana. Accessed on January 10, 2017
Forbes, The World’s Biggest Public Companies: #1,321 KazMunaiGas Exploration. Accessed on January 10, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on August 1, 2017
The World Factbook, Central Asia: Kazakhstan, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on January 10, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on January 10, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Astana. Accessed on January 10, 2017
Wikipedia, Kazakhstan. Accessed on January 10, 2017
Astana’s land area measures 274 square miles (710 square kilometers), with an estimated population of 860,368 residents in 2015.
At the country level, Kazakhstan’s population count was 18.4 million at July 2016. The country’s vast land area equals 1,042,360 square miles (2,699,700 square kilometers).
Population density is many times higher within Kazakhstan’s capital city Astana, with an average 3,100 residents per square mile (1,200 per square kilometer).
Over the country’s vast land area, population density drops drastically to just 18 Kazakhs per square mile (7 per square kilometer).
Kazakhstanis celebrate their Independence Day on December 16 each year, after breaking free from the old Soviet Union on December 16, 1991.