A unique municipality by virtue of its listing on a major stock exchange, Asunción is the capital city for the Republic of Paraguay. Asunción is also one of South America’s oldest cities.
Asunción was the site for a Guinness World Record on October 26, 2013 when the largest harp ensemble involving 420 harp players who came together from around the globe. Participants auditioned for the record attempt with professional harpists, harp teachers and students. The youngest participant was age 8 while the most elderly player was over 70 years old.
Paraguay exported an estimated US$8.7 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2017. Paraguay’s highest-value export are electrical energy, soya beans, oilcake and other residues, bovine meat, corn, rice, insulated wire or cable and wheat according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Asunción, Paraguay: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Government Palace (Palacio de Gobierno), Casa de la Independencia Museum and the National Pantheon of the Heroes (Panteon Nacional de los Heroes)
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Asunción, Paraguay:
- Richard Ortiz Busto, soccer player/footballer (born May 22, 1990)
- Horacio Cartes, former president (born Jul. 5, 1956)
- Julieta Granada, professional golfer (born Nov. 17, 1986)
- Salvador Cabanas, soccer player/footballer (born Aug. 5, 1980)
- Cindy Taylor, model (born Apr. 18, 1977)
- Marco Ruiz, professional golfer (born Dec. 2, 1974)
- Fiorella Migliore, beauty pageant winner (born Jan. 27, 1989)
- Roque Santa Cruz, soccer player/footballer (born Aug. 16, 1981)
- Larissa Riquelme, model & ‘Dancing With The Stars’ competitor (born Feb. 22, 1985)
- Leryn Franco, Olympic javelin thrower & model (born Mar. 1, 1982)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for an Asunción resident: Asunceño (male), Asunceña (female)
Population: 525,294 (Asunción city)
Density: 11,622 people per square mile (4,487 per square kilometer)
Population: 2,698,401 (Greater Asunción)
Density: 6,891 people per square mile (2,661 per square kilometer)
Population: 6,862,812 (Paraguay)
Density: 45 people per square mile (17 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$64.1 billion as of October 2016 (for Paraguay, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $9,340
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Asunción were unavailable.
Official currency used in Asunción: Paraguayan guaraní
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 30, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 30, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, South America: Paraguay. Accessed on February 13, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 30, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 30, 2016
Guinness World Records, Largest harp ensemble. Accessed on February 13, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 13, 2017
Official Government Website, Paraguay government portal. Accessed on November 30, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 30, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Asunción. Accessed on November 30, 2016
Wikipedia, Gran Asunción. Accessed on November 30, 2016
Wikipedia, Paraguay. Accessed on February 13, 2017
There are 45.2 square miles (117 square kilometers) within Asunción city limits, an area that serves as home to 525,294 inhabitants.
The capital’s metropolitan area is called Greater Asunción, extending over a total 392 square miles (1,014 square kilometers). Greater Asunción is home to approximately 2.7 million people.
At the country level, Paraguay’s land area covers 153,399 square miles (397,302 square kilometers). The national population count was 6.9 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is much higher within Paraguay’s capital city with an average 11,600 Asunceños and Asunceñas per square mile (4,500 per square kilometer).
Within the more extensive Greater Asunción area, density diminishes to an average 6,900 people per square mile (2,700 per square kilometer).
For Paraguay overall, population density drops to an average 45 inhabitants per square mile (17 per square kilometer).
Paraguay won its freedom from Spain on May 14, 1811. Paraguayans celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each May 14.