One of the world’s oldest cities with over 3,400 years in existence, Athens is the capital of Greece.
Euromonitor International ranks Athens as the world’s 47th most-visited city by tourists in 2015–a record year with international tourist arrivals growing by 22.6% in 2015. Athens’ percentage was the fastest-growing for any top European city despite political and economic turmoil.
Greece exported US$27.8 billion worth of goods around the globe during 2016. Greece’s highest-value exports include processed petroleum oils, medicines, olive oils, aluminum, fish, computers and cheese according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Athens, Greece: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Temple of Olympian Zeus, Greek Parliament, Plaka District and the National Archaeological Museum
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Athens, Greece:
- Tommy Lee, drummer & songwriter (born Oct. 3, 1962)
- Steve Angello, record producer & label owner (born Nov. 22, 1982)
- Eleni Foureira, singer & actress (born Mar. 7, 1987)
- Toss Panos, drummer (born Feb. 14, 1964)
- Antonia Machaira, Olympics swimmer (born May 21, 1971)
- Sakis Tolis, songwriter & producer (born Jun. 29, 1972)
- Nikos Xanthopoulos, actor & singer (born Mar. 14, 1934)
- Marianna Toumasatou, actress (born Dec. 6, 1967)
- Kora Karvouni, actress (born Apr. 22, 1980)
- Martha Karagianni, actress (born Nov. 6, 1939)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Athens resident: Athenian
Population: 665,000 (Athens municipality)
Density: 44,204 people per square mile (17,067 per square kilometer)
Population: 3.5 million (Greater Athens)
Density: 15,467 people per square mile (5,972 per square kilometer)
Population: 10,773,253 (Greece)
Density: 214 people per square mile (82 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$129.6 billion in 2014 (Greater Athens)
GDP per person: $32,484
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Athens: euros
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 28, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 28, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Europe: Greece. Accessed on February 3, 2017
Euromonitor International, Top 100 City Destinations Rankings 2017. Accessed on February 3, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 28, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 28, 2016
KHAS International, Study for a graduate program abroad in Athens (population stated). Accessed on November 28, 2016
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 3, 2017
Official Government Website, Municipality of Athens. Accessed on November 28, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 28, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Athens. Accessed on November 28, 2016
Wikipedia, Central Athens (regional unit). Accessed on November 28, 2016
Wikipedia, Greece. Accessed on February 3, 2017
The municipality of Athens has an area of 15 square miles (39 square kilometers), with a population of 665,000 people living inside city limits in 2016.
Greater Athens is a metropolitan area that extends over 225 square miles (583 square kilometers) including Piraeus, one of the world’s largest passenger ports. There are about 3.5 million residents living in Greater Athens. According to Demographia, the Athens suburbs are among the most thinly populated outlying city districts anywhere.
At the country level, Greece’s land area covers 50,443 square miles (130,647 square kilometers). The national population count was 10.8 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is higher within the municipal borders of Greece’s capital city with an average 44,200 people per square mile (17,100 per square kilometer).
Density drops significantly to an average 15,500 people per square mile (6,000 per square kilometer) for the Greater Athens metropolitan area.
For Greece overall, population density drops to an average 200 inhabitants per square mile (80 per square kilometer).