Nicknamed the “City of Winds” or the “Wind-Pounded City”and renowned for severe winter snowstorms, Baku is the capital for the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Mercer’s 2016 Cost of Living rankings benchmark how much a new resident in a city has to pay for products compared to New York using the US dollar as the base currency. For 2016, Baku ranks as the 172nd costliest city dropping 139 places from 2015 when Mercer rated Baku as the world’s 33rd most expensive city for newly relocated citizens. Based on commentary from travel site Atlas & Boots, much of Baku’s cost improvement was due to weaker Azerbaijani currency compared to the surging American dollar.
Azerbaijan exported an estimated US$12.6 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. Highest-value Azerbaijani exports include oil, sugar, natural gas, hazelnuts, polyethylene, fresh persimmons, aluminum and tomatoes according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Baku, Azerbaijan: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Baku Boulevard, Flame Towers, Fountain Square and Palace of the Shirvanshahs
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Baku, Azerbaijan:
- Garry Kasparov, chess master (born Apr. 13, 1963)
- Ilham Aliyev, president (born Dec. 24, 1961)
- Eldar Gasimov, pop singer (born Jun. 4, 1989)
- Aziza Mustafa Zadeh, jazz pianist (born Dec. 19, 1969)
- Nigar Jamal, pop singer (born Sep. 7, 1980)
- La Reina Shaw, fitness model & clothing designer (born Sep. 30, 1986)
- Rami Miron, Olympic wrestler (born Jan. 17, 1957)
- Victoria Fatu, concert pianist (born Jul. 10, 1984)
- Aygun Kazimova, pop singer (born Jan. 26, 1971)
- Mimi Ikonn, YouTube star (born Jul. 25, 1986)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Baku resident: Bakuvian
Population: 2,725,000 (Baku built-up urban area)
Density: 6,264 people per square mile (2,419 per square kilometer)
Population: 4,000,000 (Baku metropolitan area)
Density: 4,878 people per square mile (1,883 per square kilometer)
Population: 9,872,765 (Azerbaijan)
Density: 309 people per square mile (119 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$167.9 billion as of October 2016 (for Azerbaijan, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person:$17,688
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Baku were unavailable.
Official currency used in Baku: Azerbaijani new manat
Atlas & Boots, The World’s Most Expensive Cities for Expats 2016. Accessed on February 16, 2017
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on December 1, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on December 1, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Middle East: Azerbaijan. Accessed on February 16, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on December 1, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on December 1, 2016
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 16, 2017
Mercer, 2016 Cost of Living Rankings. Accessed on February 16, 2017
Official Government Website, The Republic of Azerbaijan Baku City Executive Power. Accessed on December 1, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on December 1, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Azerbaijan. Accessed on February 16, 2017
Wikipedia, Baku. Accessed on December 1, 2016
Baku’s built-up urban area including city land and suburbs covers approximately 435 square miles (1,127 square kilometers). An estimated 2.7 million people live within the city’s built-up urbanized territory.
Baku’s metropolitan area is divided into 11 administrative districts and extends over 48 townships. Land area for metropolitan Baku measures 820 square miles (2,124 square kilometers), where there are approximately 4 million inhabitants.
At the country level, Azerbaijan’s land area covers 31,903 square miles (82,629 square kilometers). The national population count was 9.9 million residents as of July 2016.
Population density is modestly higher within the built-up urbanized area encompassing Azerbaijan’s capital city, where there is an average 6,300 Bakuvians per square mile (2,400 per square kilometer).
Density diminishes to an average 4,900 people per square mile (1,900 per square kilometer) for Baku’s metropolitan area.
For Azerbaijan overall, population density drops to an average 309 inhabitants per square mile (119 per square kilometer).
Azerbaijanis celebrate the founding of their country as a public holiday each May 28.