Ranked number 3 in the world among cities demonstrating the strongest economic clout by PwC’s 2016 Cities of Opportunity Index, Beijing is the capital for the People’s Republic of China and is located in northern China. Beijing encompasses 16 urban, suburban and rural districts.
Beijing’s economic prowess is supported by the fact that 30 of the Fortune Global 500 companies have their headquarters located in the capital including petroleum refiners China National Petroleum and Sinopec Group, Industrial & Commercial Bank of China, Agricultural Bank of China and China State Construction Engineering
Capital Facts for Beijing, China: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: The Hall of Super Harmony at Forbidden City, Tiananmen Tower (Gate of Heavenly Peace) and Beijing National Stadium (Bird’s Nest)
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Beijing, China:
- Zhang Ziyi, actress (born Feb. 9, 1979)
- Xi Jinping, communist party leader (born Jun. 15, 1953)
- Jet Li, martial artist & actor (born Apr. 26, 1963)
- Yan Xing, artist (born Apr. 18, 1986)
- Yang Mi, actress, singer & producer (born Sep. 12, 1986)
- Leon Lai, singer, actor & manager (born Dec. 11, 1966)
- Zhang Xin, CEO (born Aug. 24, 1965)
- Dou Wei, singer-songwriter & composer (born Oct. 14, 1969)
- Zhu Jin, astronomer (born Apr. 24, 1965)
- Shane Chen, inventor & entrepreneur (born Feb. 10, 1956)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches of published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Beijing resident: Beijinger
Population: 21,700,000 (Beijing)
Density: 14,276 people per square mile (5,512 per square kilometer)
Population: 109,564,000 (Jingjinji)
Density: 1,315 people per square mile (508 per square kilometer)
Population: 1,373,541,278 (China)
Density: 381 people per square mile (147 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$506.1 billion in 2014 (Beijing)
GDP per person:$23,400
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Beijing: renminbi (sometimes called the Chinese yuan)
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 16, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, East & Southeast Asia: China. Accessed on January 24, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 16, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 16, 2016
Fortune, 2015 Global 500. Accessed on January 24, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on January 24, 2017
Official Government Website, Beijing Official Website International. Accessed on November 16, 2016
PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), 2016 Cities of Opportunity Report. Accessed on January 24, 2017
The World Factbook, Field Listing: World, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on November 16, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 16, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Beijing. Accessed on November 16, 2016
Wikipedia, Jingjinjii (national capital region of China). Accessed on November 15, 2016
Wikipedia, Metropolitan regions of China. Accessed on November 15, 2016
China was the world’s leading exporter in 2016, shipping US$2.1 trillion worth of goods around the globe. Highest-value Chinese exports are mobile phones, lightweight portable computers including tablets, liquid crystal display panels, computer parts and accessories, footwear, solar cells and jewelry according to the International Trade Centre.
Beijing’s built-up urban area has a land area measuring 1,520 square miles (3,937 square kilometers). The capital’s estimated population was 21.7 million residents in 2015.
Also known as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Jingjinji (sometimes spelled Jing-Jin-Ji) is China’s national capital region that extends to and includes the urbanized economic region surrounding Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. Featuring a population of 109.6 million, the enlarged metropolitan region of Jingjinji occupies 83,350 square miles (215,874 square kilometers).
At the country level, China’s land territory covers 3,600,946 square miles (9,326,410 square kilometers). The national population count was 1.4 billion inhabitants as of July 2016.
The People’s Republic of China was established on October 1, 1949. The Chinese celebrate National Day as a public holiday each October 1.
Population density in Beijing is more concentrated with an estimated 14,300 Beijingers per square mile (6,000 per square kilometer).
Density within China’s national capital region averages 1,300 people per square mile (500 per square kilometer).
For the People’s Republic of China overall, population density drops to an average 400 inhabitants per square mile (150 per square kilometer).