Ranked number 4 among the world’s least costly cities by PwC’s 2016 Cities of Opportunity Index, Berlin is the capital city for the Federal Republic of Germany. The German capital scored well on benchmarks for cost of business occupancy, purchasing power and rent affordability.
Berlin’s cost advantages are exemplified by the fact that Germany’s capital city placed first among all cities for rent affordability.
Germany was the world’s third-leading exporter in 2016, shipping US$1.341 trillion worth of goods around the globe. Highest-value German exports are motor vehicles, automotive parts and accessories, medicines, aircraft, blood used for medical purposes, piston engine parts, specialized machinery, medical or technical equipment and computers.
Capital Facts for Berlin, Germany: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Brandenburg Gate, Reichstag Building, Berlin Cathedral and the German Historical Museum
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Berlin, Germany
- Hasso Plattner, co-founder SAP SE software (born Jan. 21, 1944)
- Nadja Auermann, supermodel (born Mar. 19, 1971)
- Jérôme Boateng, professional football/soccer player (born Sep. 3, 1988 )
- Michael Ballhaus, cinematographer (born Aug. 5, 1935 )
- Audra McDonald, actress & singer (born Jul. 30, 1970 )
- Wolfgang Kohlhaase, screenwriter & director (born Mar. 13, 1931 )
- Peter Welz, contemporary artist (born Dec. 1, 1972)
- Klaus Wowereit, former mayor of Berlin (born Oct. 1, 1953)
- Nastassja Kinski, actress & model (born Jan. 24, 1961)
- Max Kepler, professional baseball player (born Feb. 10, 1993)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches of published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Berlin resident: Berliner (male), Berlinerin (female)
Population: 3,610,156 (Berlin city-state)
Density: 10,485 people per square mile (4,048 per square kilometer)
Population: 6,004,857 (Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region)
Density: 512 people per square mile (198 per square kilometer)
Population: 80,722,792 (Germany)
Density: 600 people per square mile (232 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$142 billion in 2015 (Berlin city-state)
GDP per person: $40,000
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Berlin: euro
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 27, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Europe: Germany. Accessed on January 30, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 27, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Fortune, 2015 Global 500. Accessed on January 30, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Official Government Website, Berlin.de. Accessed on November 27, 2016
PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), 2016 Cities of Opportunity Report. Accessed on January 30, 2017
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas – Population, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Berlin. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Wikipedia, Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Wikipedia, Capital Districts and Territories. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Wikipedia, Germany. Accessed on January 30, 2017
Rather than being an administrative division that also serves as the national capital, Berlin boasts the status of a full and equal federal unit. One of Germany’s 16 states, Berlin ranks as the largest German city via its population of 3.6 million people. Located in northeastern Germany, the Berlin city-state perimeter contains 344.3 square miles (891.7 square kilometers).
Berlin centers the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, an extensive area that encompasses 11,730 square miles (30,370 square kilometers). The metropolitan region is comprised of five independent cities plus Berlin, and within which there are over six million people originating from 180 different countries.
At the country level, Germany’s land territory covers 134,623 square miles (348,672 square kilometers). The national population count was 80.7 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is over twenty times higher within Germany’s capital city-state with an average 10,500 Berliners/Berlinerins per square mile (4,000 per square kilometer).
Over the extensive Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, density drops to an average 500 people per square mile (200 per square kilometer).
For Germany overall, national population density averages 600 residents per square mile (232 per square kilometer).
Germans celebrate Unity Day as a public holiday on each October 3.