Notable for its impressive seven-story presidential building clad in marble and called the White House, Bishkek is the capital city of Kyrgyzstan. Officially named the Kyrgyz Republic, Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked and mountainous nation in Central Asia.
When the current capital city was part of the old Soviet Union, Bishkek was previously called Pishpek and also Frunze.
Kyrgyzstan exported US$1.4 billion worth of products around the globe in 2016. Highest-value Kyrgyzstani exports include gold, precious-metal ores and concentrates, dried vegetables, aircraft, refined petroleum oils, vehicles and cotton according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: State History Museum, Friendship Monument, Ala-Too Square, Oak Park, Russian Orthodox Church and the Manas Sculptural Complex
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan:
- Felix Kulov, former prime minister (born Oct. 10, 1948)
- Elena Baranova, professional WBNA basketball player (born Jan. 28, 1972)
- Kanybek Osmonaliyev, Olympic weightlifting gold medalist (born Nov. 19, 1953)
- Cholpon Sultanbekova, deputy prime minister (born Aug. 19, 1969)
- Nikolay Chernetsky, Olympic relay race gold medalist (born Nov. 29, 1959)
- Talant Duyshebayev, Olympic handball gold medalist (born Jun. 2, 1968)
- Aleksandr Blinov, Olympic equestrian gold medalist (born Aug. 19, 1954)
- Yevgeny Timofeyev, Olympic alpine skiier (born Oct. 16, 1994)
- Ruslan Tyumenbayev, Olympic wrestling medalist (born May 28, 1986)
- Aleksandr Abushakhmetov, Olympic fencing medalist (born Jul. 21, 1954)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Kyrgyzstan resident: Kyrgyz
Population: 937,400 (Bishkek)
Density: 19,131 people per square mile (7,386 per square kilometer)
Population: 5,727,553 (Kyrgyzstan)
Density: 77 people per square mile (30 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$20.1 billion in 2015 (for Kyrgyzstan, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $3,400
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Bishkek were unavailable.
Official currency used in Bishkek: Kyrgyzstani som
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on January 7, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on January 7, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on January 7, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on January 7, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on July 31, 2017
Official Government Website, Official site of the City Hall of Bishkek. Accessed on January 7, 2017
The World Factbook, Central Asia: Kyrgyzstan, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on January 7, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on January 7, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Bishkek. Accessed on January 7, 2017
Wikipedia, Kyrgyzstan. Accessed on January 7, 2017
Bishkek has a land area measuring 49 square miles (127 square kilometers) within which an estimated 937,400 people lived in 2015.
Kyrgystan’s national borders serve as a perimeter for 74,055 square miles (191,801 square kilometers). As of July 2016, the Kyrgystani population count was 5.7 million according to the Central Intelligence Agency’s World Factbook.
Population density is much more concentrated within Kyrgyzstan’s capital city with an average 19,100 inhabitants per square mile (7,400 per square kilometer).
At the country level, density drops severely to an average 77 people per square mile (30 per square kilometer) for Kyrgyzstan.