Home to the world’s largest parliamentary building, Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest is the capital city of Romania. The southeast European country joined the European Union on January 1, 2007.
Mercer’s 2016 Cost of Living rankings benchmark how much a new resident in a city has to pay for products compared to New York using the US dollar as the base currency. For 2016, Bucharest ranks as the 172nd costliest city up 6 places from 2015 when Mercer recognized Bucharest as the world’s 178th most expensive city for newly relocated citizens.
Romania’s biggest information technology and communications center is located in Bucharest, as are several software companies that operate offshore operational centers.
Romania exported an estimated US$70.6 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2017. Highest-value Romanian exports include automotive parts and accessories, insulated wire or cable, cars, refined oil, furniture and rubber tires according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Bucharest, Romania: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Romanian Athenaeum concert hall (Ateneul Roman), Stavropoleos Church (Biserica Stravrapoleos), Palace of Parliament and the Patriarchal Cathedral
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Bucharest, Romania:
- Larisa Iordache, gymnast (born Jun. 19, 1996)
- Antonia Iacobescu, singer & model (born Apr. 12, 1989)
- Delia Matache, singer & dancer (born Feb. 7, 1982)
- Aurelia Dobre, gymnast (born Nov. 16, 1972)
- Florin Salam, singer (born Oct. 1, 1979)
- Edward Maya, songwriter (born Jun. 29, 1986)
- Ilie Nastase, professional tennis player (born Jul. 19, 1946)
- Sorana Cirstea, professional tennis player (born April 7, 1990)
- Anda Adam, singer (born Apr. 27, 1980)
- Edward G. Robinson, actor (born Dec. 12, 1893)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Bucharest resident: Bucharester
Population: 1,883,425 (Bucharest city)
Density: 21,403 people per square mile (8,264 per square kilometer)
Population: 2,115,000 (Bucharest built-up urban area)
Density: 13,302 people per square mile (5,136 per square kilometer)
Population: 21,599,736 (Romania)
Density: 243 people per square mile (94 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$72.4 billion in 2014 (Bucharest metropolitan area)
GDP per person: $38,635
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Bucharest: Romanian leu
Atlas & Boots, The World’s Most Expensive Cities for Expats 2016. Accessed on February 16, 2017
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on December 8, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Europe: Romania. Accessed on February 16, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on December 8, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on December 8, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on December 8, 2016
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on July 31, 2017
Mercer, 2016 Cost of Living Rankings. Accessed on February 16, 2017
Official Government Website, Bucharest–Local Administration. Accessed on December 8, 2016
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas – Population, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on December 8, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on December 8, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Bucharest. Accessed on December 8, 2016
Wikipedia, Bucharest metropolitan area. Accessed on December 8, 2016
Wikipedia, Romania. Accessed on February 16, 2017
Bucharest city proper is called the Municipality of Bucharest for administrative purposes, and has a land area of 88 square miles (228 square kilometers). According to the official 2011 Romanian census, Bucharest city is home to 1.9 million residents. More recent population estimates from various sources provide a similar metric.
Bucharest city is also part of a built-up urban area measuring 159 square miles (412 square kilometers) where an estimated 2.1 million people lived in 2015.
At the country level, Romania’s land area covers 88,761 square miles (229,891 square kilometers). The national population count was 21.6 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is modestly higher within Romania’s capital city proper limits with an average 21,400 Bucharesters per square mile (8,300 per square kilometer). Within Bucharest’s built-up urban area, density is lower at an average 13,300 people per square mile (5,100 per square kilometer).
Romanians celebrate Unification Day (of Romania and Transylvania) as a public holiday each December 1.