A top tourist destination, Buenos Aires serves as the capital city for Argentina (the second-most populous South American nation and is formally called the Argentine Republic).
One little-known global record holder is Buenos Aires resident Emilio Scotto. According to Guinness World Records, Scotto completed the longest single journey by a motorcycle covering over 457,000 miles (735,000 kilometers) while visiting 214 countries and territories. This world record journey took place from January 17, 1985 to April 2, 1995.
Argentina exported US$57.7 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2017. Highest-value Argentine exports are oilcake and other solid residues, soya beans, soya bean oil, corn, automobiles, gold and wheat according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Buenos Aires, Argentina: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral (Catedral Metropolitano), Pink House (Casa Rosada) and the Kavanagh Building
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Buenos Aires, Argentina:
- Pope Francis, Catholic leader (born Dec. 17, 1936)
- Diego Maradona, soccer player/footballer (born Oct. 30, 1960)
- Manu Ginobili, professional basketball player (born Jul. 28, 1977)
- Ricardo Gabriel Alvarez, soccer player/footballer (born Mar. 12, 1988)
- Martina Stoessel, actress & singer (born Mar. 21, 1997)
- Sergio Aguero, soccer player/footballer (born Jun. 2, 1988)
- Luisana Lopilato, soap opera actor (born May 18, 1987)
- Marcos Rojo, soccer player/footballer (born Mar. 20, 1990)
- Martin Guigui, film director & music producer (born Jun. 26, 1965)
- José Neglia, ballerino (born Apr. 2, 1929)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Buenos Aires resident: Bonaerense
Population: 2,890,151 (Buenos Aires city)
Density: 36,817 people per square mile (14,215 per square kilometer)
Population: 14,280,000 (Greater Buenos Aires)
Density: 13,797 people per square mile (5,327 per square kilometer)
Population: 43,886,748 (Argentina)
Density: 42 people per square mile (16 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$315.9 billion in 2014 (Greater Buenos Aires)
GDP per person: $23,600
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Buenos Aires: Argentine peso
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 18, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 18, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, South America: Argentina. Accessed on January 31, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 18, 2016
Guinness World Records, Longest journey by motorcycle (distance). Accessed on January 31, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on January 31, 2017
Official Government Website, Buenos Aires Ciudad. Accessed on November 18, 2016
The World Factbook, Field Listing: World, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on November 18, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 18, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Argentina. Accessed on January 31, 2017
Wikipedia, Buenos Aires. Accessed on November 18, 2016
Wikipedia, Greater Buenos Aires Area. Accessed on November 18, 2016
Buenos Aires itself occupies just 78.5 square miles (203 square kilometers) and has a population of 2.9 million living within city limits.
Greater Buenos Aires is an urban agglomeration comprised of the capital city plus 24 adjacent districts. Greater Buenos Aires is home for 14.3 million people, and spans 1,035 square miles (2,681 square kilometers).
At the country level, Argentina’s land territory covers 1,056,641 square miles (2,736,690 square kilometers). The national population count was 43.9 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Buenos Aires city limits cover 78.5 square miles (203 square kilometers). In contrast, the Greater Buenos Aires area spans 1,035 square miles (2,681 square kilometers).
Population density is much higher in Argentina’s capital city with an average 36,800 Bonaerenses per square mile (14,200 per square kilometer). Urban density diminishes to an average 13,800 people per square mile (5,300 per square kilometer) for Greater Buenos Aires.
Argentina gained its independence from Spain on July 9, 1816. Argentinians celebrate Revolution Day as a public holiday each May 25.