Headquarters for the world’s largest shipping firm Maersk, as well as two top 50 pharmaceutical and biotech companies Nova Nordisk and Lundbeck, Copenhagen is the capital city for the Kingdom of Denmark.
The smallest Nordic country, Denmark shares its southern border with Germany and lies southwest of Sweden and directly south of Norway.
Mercer’s 2016 Quality of Living Survey ranks Copenhagen number 9 for quality of living. The annual survey compares 230 cities from around the globe based on 39 factors including political, economic, environmental, personal safety, health, education, transportation and other public service factors. New York City is used as the benchmark for all comparisons.
Denmark exported an estimated US$94.4 billion worth of goods during 2016. Highest-value Danish exports include oil, electric generating sets, medicines, human or animal blood used for medicinal purposes, pork, furskins and cheese according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Copenhagen, Denmark: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Tivoli Gardens amusement park, Rosenborg Castle, Christiansborg Palace, Amalienborg Palace and the National Museum
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Copenhagen, Denmark:
- Susanne Bier, director & producer (born Apr. 15, 1960)
- May Andersen, model (born Jun. 16, 1982)
- Margrethe II of Denmark, queen (born Apr. 16, 1940)
- Anders Hejlsberg, software engineer (born Dec. 2, 1960)
- Mianne Bagger, professional golfer (born Dec. 25, 1966)
- Sven-Ole Thorsen, actor & bodybuilder (born Sep. 24, 1944)
- Kasper Salto, industrial designer (born Feb. 14, 1967)
- David Hillis, evolutionary biologist (born Dec. 21, 1958)
- René Redzepi, chef (born Dec. 16, 1977)
- Jan Gehl, architect (born Sep. 17, 1936)
- Victor Borge, comedian & musician (born Dec. 23, 2000)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Copenhagen resident: Copenhagener
Population: 601,448 (Copenhagen municipality)
Density: 18,007 people per square mile (6,953 per square kilometer)
Population: 1,275,000 (Copenhagen built-up urban area)
Density: 5,357 people per square mile (2,068 per square kilometer)
Population: 2,016,285 (Copenhagen metropolitan area)
Density: 1,723 people per square mile (665 per square kilometer)
Population: 5,593,785 (Denmark)
Density: 341 people per square mile (132 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$264.8 billion as of October 2016 (for Denmark, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $46,603
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Copenhagen were unavailable.
Official currency used in Copenhagen: Danish krone
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on July 24, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Europe: Denmark. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on July 24, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on July 24, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Official Government Website, Copenhagen Municipality. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Marvel Cinematic Universe, Flag of Copenhagen. Accessed on December 12, 2016
Wikipedia, Copenhagen. Accessed on December 12, 2016
Wikipedia, Copenhagen metropolitan area. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Wikipedia, Denmark. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Wikipedia, Mercer Quality of Living Survey. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Municipal city limits contains an area measuring 33.4 square miles (86.5 square kilometers) and with an estimated population of 601,448 residents as of January 2016.
Combined with its core municipality, Denmark’s built-up urbanized area covers 238 square miles (616 square kilometers) and is home to approximately 1.3 million people.
The more extensive Copenhagen metropolitan area encompasses 1,170 square miles (3,030 square kilometers) over 28 Capital Region municipalities, excluding Bornholm but including the large commuter belt in which residents from surrounding communities commute to work in Denmark’s capital. Metropolitan Copenhagen’s total population is around 2 million inhabitants.
At the country level, Denmark’s land area covers 16,384 square miles (42,434 square kilometers). The national population count was 5.6 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is much higher within the municipal limits of Denmark’s capital city, with an average 18,000 Copenhageners per square mile (7,000 per square kilometer). Density drops significantly to an average 5,400 people per square mile (2,100 per square kilometer) for Copenhagen’s urbanized area.
The lowest population density belongs to the vast Copenhagen metropolitan area, which averages about 1,700 inhabitants per square mile (700 per square kilometer).
For Denmark overall, population density drops to an average 341 inhabitants per square mile (132 per square kilometer).
Danes celebrate Constitution Day as a public holiday each June 5.