By presidential order in 1974, the centrally located City of Dodoma legally took over from the much larger Dar es Salaam to become Tanzania’s national capital. Found on Tanzania’s eastern coast and 274.6 miles (441.9 kilometers) from Dodoma, Dar es Salaam is Africa’s 7th-highest populated city and remains as Tanzania’s financial hub and biggest port. Dar es Salaam is the world’s largest and most populous Swahili-speaking city.
In contrast, Dodoma centers both Tanzania’s political power and trade for its country’s agricultural region. Dodoma is strategically linked to Dar es Salaam by major highway, air and railway.
Dodoma is located 240.5 miles (387 kilometers) from Mount Kilimanjaro, among the world’s highest mountain ranges excluding mountain islands below sea level. The City of Dodoma is also 318.9 miles (513.2 kilometers) from Tanzania’s Serengeti National Park, one of the world’s oldest ecosystems home to some flora and fauna specimens dating back over a million years.
For fun and recreation, Dodoma has one of Tanzania’s largest sports facilities at its Don Bosco Mission. Dodoma’s sports facilities include a concrete skatepark where exercisers can enjoy skateboarding and rollerblading.
While research website numbeo has no individual ranking for Dodoma, overall Tanzania places in the bottom 5% compared to the 250 cities evaluated on its overall quality of life index at June 2020. Tanzania scored poorly on index factors such as purchasing power (weakest two), property price to income ratio (highest 4%), health care (lowest 12%), safety (most dangerous 17%), pollution (worst 31%), and climate (bottom 33%). However, Dodoma’s weather is relatively more moderate.
From an international trade perspective, Tanzania exported an estimated US$3.4 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2019. Its most valuable exports include gold (25% of Tanzania’s global total), tobacco (8.3%), miscellaneous oil seeds and oleaginous fruits (5.6%), refined petroleum oils (5%), coffee (4.7%), dried leguminous vegetables (4.6%), unrefined copper (2.9%), miscellaneous fish (2.3%), unmounted diamonds (2.3%), and refined copper (also 2.3%) according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Tanzania: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Tanzania Parliament Buildings, Museum of GeoSciences, Nyerere Square
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania’s former capital city.
- Hasheem Thabeet, professional basketball player (born Feb. 16, 1987)
- Diamond Platnumz, award-winning pop singer (born Oct. 2, 1989)
- Marin Hinkle, actress (born Mar. 23, 1966)
- Ammaar Ghadiyali, Olympic swimmer (born May 30, 1997)
- Wema Sepetu, Miss Tanzania & model (born Sep. 28, 1988)
- Nisha Nayar, actress (born Jun. 7, 1967)
- Juma Mussa, R&B singer (born Sep. 1, 1989)
- Elizabeth Michael, actress (born Apr. 16, 1995)
- Anup Singh, filmmaker (born Mar. 14, 1961)
- Rachel Luttrell, actress (born Jan. 19, 1971)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a resident of Tanzania: Tanzanian
Population: 180,541 (Dodoma)
Density: 749 people per square mile (289 per square kilometer)
Population: 59,899,600 (Tanzania) at August 3, 2020
Density: 175 people per square mile (67 per square kilometer)
Median age for all Tanzania: 18 years old
GDP: US$191.6 billion for 2019 (Tanzania)
GDP per person: $3,402
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Dar es Salaam were unavailable.
Official currency used in Dodoma: Tanzanian shilling
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Africa: Tanzania.
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas.
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition.
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition.
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Databases.
International Trade Centre, Trade Map.
Numbeo, Quality of Life Index by City.
Official Government Website, Dar es Salaam City Council.
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags.
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Dar es Salaam.
WorldOMeter, Tanzania Population.
WWF, Ten Interesting Facts about Mt. Kilimanjaro.
Tanzanians celebrates their nation’s Union Day each April 26. Back on April 26, 1964 Tanganyika united with Zanzibar. The resulting United Republic of Tanganyika was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania on October 29, 1964.
Dodoma has a population of 180,541 residents living over an urbanized area measuring 241 square miles (625 square kilometers).
At the country level, Tanzania’s land area covers 342,009 square miles (885,800 square kilometers). The nation’s population count was 59.9 million inhabitants as of August 3, 2020.
Population density is more concentrated within Tanzania’s capital city, averaging 749 residents per square mile (289 per square kilometer).
Zooming out to Tanzania’s overall land boundaries, population density dilutes to an average 175 people per square mile (67 per square kilometer).