Site of a world record for the most people (254,537 participants) simultaneously singing a national anthem, Dhaka is the capital city for the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Dhaka is also known as the rickshaw capital of the world given that about 400,000 cycle and motorized rickshaws are on the road daily.
Bangladesh is a South Asian nation sharing land borders with one of its top trading partners India and is situated near another large trade partner China. However, the number one customer for Bangladeshi exports is the United States.
Overall, exports from Bangladesh totaled US$38.8 billion in 2016. Its highest-value export products are clothing, footwear, linen and shrimps according to the International Trade Centre.
Based on The Economist’s Global Liveability Ranking released on August 16, 2017, Dhaka is the world’s fourth-least liveable city among 140 cities studied. In the study, Dhaka scored poorly for infrastructure, health care, education, culture and environment.
Capital Facts for Dhaka, Bangladesh: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Dhakeshwari Temple, Armenian Church of the Holy Resurrection, Star Mosque (Tara Masjid)
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Dhaka, Bangladesh:
- Hridoy Khan, singer, composer & actor (born Jan. 3, 1990)
- Tahmima Anam, novelist & columnist (born Oct. 8, 1975 )
- Marina Tabassum, architect (born 1968)
- Shahabuddin Ahmed, painter (born Sep. 11, 1950)
- Korvi Rakshand, social entrepreneur (born Aug. 19, 1985)
- Rehman Sobhan, economist (born 1935)
- Sarker Protick, photojournalist (born 1986)
- Alamgir, actor (born Apr. 3, 1950)
- Abdur Razzak, actor & director (born Jan. 23, 1942)
- Salman Shah, actor & singer (born Sep. 19, 1971)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches of published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Dhaka resident: Dhakaiya or Dhakaite
Population: 10,356,500 (Dhaka city)
Density: 88,547 people per square mile (34,188 per square kilometer)
Population: 16,235,000 (Greater Dhaka metropolitan area)
Density: 19,456 people per square mile (7,512 per square kilometer)
Population: 156,186,882 (Bangladesh)
Density: 3,108 people per square mile (1,200 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$280 billion in 2015 (Greater Dhaka)
GDP per person: $17,300
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Dhaka: Bangladeshi taka
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 17, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 17, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 17, 2016
Guinness World Records, Most people singing a national or regional anthem simultaneously. Accessed on January 25, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on January 25, 2017
Official Government Website, Dhaka North City Corporation. Accessed on November 17, 2016
The Economist, The Global Liveability Ranking. Accessed on August 25, 2017
The World Factbook, Field Listing: World, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on November 17, 2016
The World Factbook, South Asia: Bangladesh, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on January 25, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 17, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Dhaka. Accessed on November 17, 2016
Wikipedia, Dhaka District. Accessed on November 17, 2016
Wikipedia, Greater Dhaka. Accessed on November 17, 2016
Wikipedia, List of cities by population density. Accessed on January 25, 2017
World Population Review, Population of Cities in Bangladesh (2016). Accessed on January 25, 2017
Dhaka city proper has a land area of 117 square miles (303 square kilometers). Bangladesh’s capital city had estimated population of 10.4 million residents in 2016 per the statistics portal World Population Review.
Dhaka’s greater metropolitan area including Narayanganj encompasses a more extensive land territory measuring 834 square miles (2,161 square kilometers) within which an estimated 16.2 million people lived in 2015.
At the country level, Bangladesh’s land area covers 50,259 square miles (130,170 square kilometers). The national population count was 156.1 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Dhaka city is the world’s third most densely populated city at 88,500 residents per square mile (34,200 per square kilometer).
Density within the Dhaka metropolitan area including Narayanganj averages 19,500 people per square mile (7,500 per square kilometer).
For Bangladesh overall, population density drops to an average 3,100 inhabitants per square mile (1,200 per square kilometer).
Bangladesh won its independence from West Pakistan on December 16, 1971 which is celebrated as Victory Day each December 16. Another Bangladeshi public holiday is Independence Day on each March 26 which recognizes the Awami League’s original declaration of an independent Bangladesh on March 26, 1971.