Located on a peninsula in the Horn of Africa, Djibouti City serves multi-dimensional roles as the political capital and financial hub for the Republic of Djibouti. These roles often overlap as domestic and international priorities compete.
The Port of Djibouti controls access to the Red Sea and Indian Ocean, and is not only its nation’s principal port but also ranks as one of the biggest and busiest seaports in Northeast Africa.
In 2016, Djibouti exported US$101.4 million worth of goods around the globe. Djibouti’s highest-value exports are live sheep and goats, wood charcoal, coffee and refined petroleum according to data from the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Djibouti City, Djibouti: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Place Menelik, Hamoudi Mosque, Djibouti’s Tropical Aquarium, Lagarde Park and the Presidential Palace
Below, you will find some of the most famous people born in Djibouti City, Djibouti:
- Hussein Ahmed Salah, Olympic marathon medal winner (born Dec. 31, 1956)
- Mumin Gala, Olympic long-distance runner (born Sep. 6, 1986)
- Ayanleh Souleiman, middle-distance runner (born Dec. 3, 1992)
- Abdourahman Waberi, author & poet (born 1965)
- Tezeta Abraham, actress & Miss Italy Africa (born Feb. 15, 1985)
- Frédéric Huette, movie support work (born Feb. 20, 1973)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a resident of Djibouti: Djiboutian
Population: 540,000 (Djibouti City)
Density: 36,000 people per square mile (13,900 per square kilometer)
Population: 846,687 (Republic of Djibouti)
Density: 95 people per square mile (37 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$3.345 billion in 2016 (for Republic of Djibouti, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $3,400
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Djibouti City were unavailable.
Official currency used in Djibouti: Djiboutian franc
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on January 13, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on January 13, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on January 13, 2017
Official Government Website, Presidency of the Republic of Djibouti. Accessed on January 13, 2017
The World Factbook, Africa: Djibouti, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on January 13, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on January 13, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Djibouti City. Accessed on January 13, 2017
Wikipedia, Horn of Africa. Accessed on January 13, 2017
Wikipedia, Republic of Djibouti. Accessed on January 13, 2017
Including nearby communities, Djibouti City’s built-up urban land area measures 15 square miles (39 square kilometers). The capital’s population is an estimated 540,000 residents.
Expanding the scope to encompass national borders, Djibouti’s total population was 846,687 as of July 2016. The country’s land area equals 8,950 square miles (23,180 square kilometers).
Population density shows a high concentration within Djibouti City with an average 36,000 inhabitants per square mile (13,900 per square kilometer).
At the country level, Djibouti’s population density drops dramatically to an average 95 Djiboutians per square mile (37 per square kilometer).
Djibouti broke free from France’s direct control on June 27, 1977. Djiboutians celebrate its Independence Day each June 27 as a national holiday.