Fredericton is the provincial capital city for New Brunswick, Canada’s third-most sparsely populated province trailing only Newfoundland and Labrador as well as Prince Edward Island.
Temperatures in New Brunswick’s capital city vary widely depending on the season. Fredericton’s highest recorded temperature was 102 degrees Fahrenheit (38.9 degrees Celsius) on August 18, 1935. In contrast, January 19, 1925 was Fredericton’s coldest day with temperatures as low as -38 degrees Fahrenheit (-38.9 degrees Celsius).
Fredericton serves as headquarters for one of Canada’s largest 500 corporations by revenue. Formerly called New Brunswick Power Holding Corporation, NB Power is a provincial Crown Corporation responsible for electricity generation, transmission and distribution.
New Brunswick shipped C$10.6 billion worth of goods around the globe during 2016. Highest-value exports from New Brunswick are petroleum oils, lobsters and other seafood, wood, paper, lead ores and machinery according to the Canadian International Merchandise Trade Database.
Fredericton’s unemployment rate was 5.5% as of April 2017 down from 7.5% in effect 12 months earlier.
Capital Facts for Fredericton, Canada: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton Region Museum, Legislative Assembly Building, Historic Garrison District, Ingrid Mueller Art & Concepts, Officers’ Square, The Lighthouse
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Fredericton, Canada
- Catharine Pendrel, world champion cross-country cyclist (born Sep. 30, 1980)
- Willie O’Ree, first black professional NHL hockey player (born Oct. 15, 1937)
- Anna Silk, actress (born Jan. 31, 1974)
- David Myles, singer-songwriter (born May 12, 1981)
- Jake Allen, professional NHL hockey goaltender (born Aug. 7, 1990)
- Chris Renaud, Olympic backstroke swimming silver medalist (born Aug. 29, 1976)
- Brandon Brewer, light-middleweight professional boxer (born Oct. 22, 1984)
- Buster Harvey, professional NHL hockey player (born Apr. 2, 1950)
- Donalda Duprey, Olympic hurdler (born Mar. 1, 1967)
- Danny Grant, professional NHL hockey player (born Feb. 21, 1945)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches of published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Fredericton resident: Frederictonian
Population: 58,220 (Fredericton city limits)
Density: 1,137 people per square mile (439 per square kilometer)
Population: 105,688 (Metropolitan Fredericton)
Density: 61 people per square mile (23 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$33.1 billion in 2015 (New Brunswick)
GDP per person: $44,305
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in Canadian dollars.
Official currency used in Fredericton: Canadian dollars
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on May 19, 2017
Fortune, Global 500 2016. Accessed on May 19, 2017
National Post, The FP500. Accessed on May 19, 2017
Official Government Website, City of Fredericton official website. Accessed on May 19, 2017
Statistics Canada, Canadian International Merchandise Trade Database. Accessed on May 19, 2017
Statistics Canada, Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory. Accessed on May 19, 2017
Statistics Canada, Labour force characteristics, unadjusted, by economic region (3 month moving average) Nova Scotia, New Brunswick. Accessed on May 19, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on May 19, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Fredericton. Accessed on May 19, 2017
Wikipedia, New Brunswick. Accessed on May 19, 2017
Within city limits, Fredericton occupies 51.2 square miles (132.6 square kilometers). The provincial capital city’s population was 58,220 people in 2016.
Including the city of Fredericton plus its surrounding rural municipalities, cities and towns, Metropolitan Fredericton has a land area of 1,745.8 square miles (4,521.7 square kilometers) with a capital area population of 105,688 inhabitants.
At the city level, Fredericton’s population density is 1,137 residents per square mile (439 per square kilometer).
Population density dilutes within the much larger Metropolitan Fredericton Area with an average 61 inhabitants per square mile (23 per square kilometer).
Frederictonians celebrate Canada Day as a national holiday each July 1.