Located on the west bank of the Red River, Hanoi is the capital city of Vietnam.
Hanoi was the site of a Guinness World Record on October 5, 2010 when the Nguyen Thu Thuy company completed the world’s biggest ceramic mosaic measuring 16,902 square feet (1,570.2 square meters).
The project was called “The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural Project” and commemorated the thousand year anniversary after Hanoi was first established. The massive ceramic mosaic appears on Hanoi’s Red River Dyke also had a practical motive, namely to cover over illegal graffiti and advertising.
Capital Facts for Hanoi, Vietnam: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Presidential Palace, Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum and Buddhist One Pillar Pagoda
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Hanoi, Vietnam:
- Trần Thu Hà, singer & producer (born Aug. 26, 1977)
- Pham Nhat Vuong, billionaire & developer (born Aug. 5, 1968)
- Công Quốc Hà, artist & painter (born Oct. 29, 1952)
- Hoang Thuy Linh, actress & singer (born Aug. 11, 1988)
- Mỹ Linh, pop music singer (born Aug. 19, 1975)
- Hoang Thanh Trang, chess grandmaster (born Apr. 25, 1980)
- Ha Huy Hoang, cartoonist & animator (born Aug. 22, 1989)
- Trinh T. Minh-ha, filmmaker, composer & professor (born 1952)
- Trinh Xuan Thuan, astrophysicist (born Aug. 20, 1948)
- Đặng Thái Sơn, classical pianist (born Jul. 2, 1958)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Hanoi resident: Hanoian
Population: 7,587,800 (Hanoi city)
Density: 5,873 people per square mile (2,268 per square kilometer)
Population: 16,100,000 (Hanoi Metropolitan Area)
Density: 1,715 people per square mile (662 per square kilometer)
Density: 796 people per square mile (307 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$26.5 billion in 2015 (Hanoi Metropolitan Area)
GDP per person: $3,500
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Hanoi: Vietnamese dong
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 21, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, East & Southeast Asia: Vietnam. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 21, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Guinness World Records, Largest ceramic mosaic. Accessed on February 1, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Official Government Website, Hanoi Portal. Accessed on November 21, 2016
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas – Population, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Hanoi. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Wikipedia, Hanoi Capital Region. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Wikipedia, Ho Chi Minh City Metropolitan Area. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Wikipedia, Vietnam. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Hanoi city has a population of 7.6 million people living over an area of 1,292 square miles (3,346 square kilometers).
The Hanoi Capital Region, also known as the Hanoi Metropolitan Area, is home to 16.1 million inhabitants throughout a much larger geography of 9,388 square miles (24,315 square kilometers).
At the country level, Vietnam’s land area covers 119,719 square miles (310,070 square kilometers). The national population count was 95.3 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is higher in Vietnam’s capital city with an average 5,900 Hanoians per square mile (2,300 per square kilometer).
Urban density dilutes to an average 1,700 people per square mile (700 per square kilometer) for the Hanoi Capital Region also referred to as the Hanoi Metropolitan Area.
For Vietnam overall, population density drops to an average 800 inhabitants per square mile (300 per square kilometer).
Vietnam gained its independence from France on September 2, 1945. Citizens celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each September 2.