Nicknamed the City of Columns and Rome of the Caribbean, Havana is the capital city for the Republic of Cuba. Havana is known for having many public statues including a bronze commemorative for the legendary ex-Beatle featured in John Lennon Park. Havana has also earned a reputation for having a large number of historical museums, like its Museum of Napoleonic art that showcases Napoleon’s death mask and even one of his teeth.
Mercer’s 2016 Quality of Living Survey ranks Havana in 191st place–in the bottom fifth on the quality of living list compared to other cities. The annual survey compares 230 cities from around the globe based on 39 factors including political, economic, environmental, personal safety, health, education, transportation and other public service factors. New York City is used as the benchmark for all comparisons.
Havana did finish 35 places ahead of the other Caribbean city in Mercer’s study, namely Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince which was at number 227 was fourth from last.
Cuba ranks among the 135 top exporters, shipping an estimated US$1.5 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. Highest-value Cuban exports include sugar, cigars, nickel, rum, refined petroleum oils, wood charcoal and frozen rock lobsters according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Havana, Cuba: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Central Park (Parque Central), Fort of Saint Charles (Fortress San Carlos de la Cabaña), Morro Castle (Castillo de los Tres Reyes Magos del Morro), Museum of the Revolution (Museo de la Revolución) and Museum of Napoleonic art (Museo Napoliónico)
Demonym for a Havana resident: Habanero (men), Habanera (women)
Population: 2,030,000 (Havana built-up area)
Density: 16,917 people per square mile (6,532 per square kilometer)
Population: 11,239,004 (Cuba)
Density: 265 people per square mile (102 per square kilometer)
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Havana, Cuba:
- Gloria Estefan, singer (born Sep. 1, 1957)
- Andy Garcia, actor (born Apr. 12, 1956)
- Jose Canseco, professional baseball player (born Jul. 2, 1964)
- Emilio Estefan, music producer (born Mar. 4, 1953)
- Miguel Cerejido, artist (born Feb. 26, 1960)
- Brayan Pena, professional baseball player (born Jan. 7, 1982)
- Daisy Fuentes, actress & TV host (born Nov. 17, 1966)
- Camila Cabello, singer (born Mar. 3, 1997)
- Isabella Castillo, actress & singer (born Dec. 23, 1994)
- Pedro Juan Gutiérrez, novelist (born Jan. 27, 1950
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
GDP: US$128.4 billion in 2014 (for Cuba, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $11,485
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Havana were unavailable.
Official currency used in Havana: Cuban peso, Cuban convertible peso
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on February 24, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Central America & Caribbean: Cuba. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on February 24, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on February 24, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Mercer, Western European Cities Top Quality Of Living Ranking ‒ Mercer . Accessed on February 24, 2017
Tourism Website, Havana Guide. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Cuba. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Wikipedia, Havana. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Wikipedia, Mercer Quality of Living Survey. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Havana city, combined with the built-up urban area in its surrounding vicinity, covers 120 square miles (311 square kilometers). An estimated two million people lived in Havana plus the built-up urbanized territory during 2015.
Cuba’s total population was 11.2 million. The largest Caribbean country by land area, the island measures 42,426 square miles (109,884 square kilometers).
Population density is much higher within Cuba’s capital city including its built-up urbanized area, with an average 16,900 residents per square mile (6,500 per square kilometer).
Focusing on Cuba’s overall population and land area, the Caribbean island’s population density averages 265 people per square mile (102 per square kilometer).
Since 1959, Cubans celebrate Triumph of the Revolution on each January 1 (also called Liberation Day).