Remarkable for its 16 local universities, Islamabad is the capital city for the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Islamabad was built during the 1960s to assume the role of the former Pakistani capital, Karachi.
Islamabad is home to the Faisal Mosque, the world’s fourth-largest mosque and the biggest religious building of its type in South Asia.
Pakistan places among the world’s 70 top exporters, shipping an estimated US$20.5 billion worth of goods in 2016. Pakistan’s highest-value exports are clothing, linens, rice, cotton yard, medical instruments, cement and wheat according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Islamabad, Pakistan: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Faisal Mosque, Saudi Pak Tower Building, Pakistan Monument, Golrah Shrine and the Islamabad Stock Exchange Tower
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Islamabad, Pakistan:
- Azhar Ali, cricketer (born Feb. 19, 1985)
- Yousaf Raza Gillani, former prime minister (born Jun. 9, 1952)
- Zeeshan Abbasi, blind cricketer (born Jul. 12, 1982)
- Hamza Ali Abbasi, actor & filmmaker (born Jun. 23, 1984)
- Arbaz Khan, rapper (born Sep. 1, 2001)
- Shanzay Hayat, Miss Pakistan World 2013 (born Dec. 1, 1989)
- Madiha Iftikhar, actress & model (born Feb. 5, 1985)
- Adil Omar, singer-songwriter, rapper & producer (born May 17, 1991)
- Umair Jaswal, actor, singer-songwriter & producer (born Dec. 20, 1986)
- Adnan Saleem, cricketer (born Dec. 18, 1976)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Islamabad resident: Islamabadi
Population: 1,829,180 (Islamabad city)
Density: 5,226 people per square mile (2,018 per square kilometer)
Population: 4,700,000 million (Islamabad built-up urban area)
Density: 3,360 people per square mile (1,297 per square kilometer)
Population: 201,995,540 (Pakistan)
Density: 679 people per square mile (262 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$988.2 billion as of October 2016 (for Pakistan, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $4,892
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Islamabadi were unavailable.
Official currency used in Islamabad: Pakistani rupee
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on February 14, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on February 14, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, South Asia: Pakistan. Accessed on February 14, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on February 14, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on February 14, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 14, 2017
Official Government Website, City of Islamabad. Accessed on February 14, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on February 14, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Capital Districts and Territories. Accessed on February 14, 2017
Wikipedia, Islamabad. Accessed on February 14, 2017
Wikipedia, Islamabad Capital Territory. Accessed on February 14, 2017
Wikipedia, Islamabad- Rawalpindi metropolitan area. Accessed on February 14, 2017
Wikipedia, Pakistan. Accessed on February 14, 2017
Within Islamabad city limits is an area measuring 349.8 square miles (906 square kilometers), which serves as home to an estimated 1.8 million people in 2014.
Islamabad’s built-up urban geography expands over a vast area of 1,400 square miles (3,626 square kilometers). Known as the Specified Area, this territory stretches to the Margala Hills to Islamabad’s north to the Kurang River towards its south. Also included is Islamabad’s twin city, Rawalpindi. The overall population for the extended urban area associated with Islamabad totals an estimated 4.7 million people.
Please note that the Specified Area should not be confused with Islamabad Capital Territory, which covers a much smaller area equal to 450 square miles (1,166 square kilometers).
At the country level, Pakistan’s land area covers 297,636 square miles (770,875 square kilometers). The national population count was 202 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Pakistanis celebrate Pakistan Day (also called Pakistan Resolution Day or Republic Day) as a public holiday each March 23.
Population density is higher within Pakistan’s capital city limits with an average 5,200 Islamabadis per square mile (2,000 per square kilometer).
Over its extended urbanized geography known as Islamabad’s Specified Area, density declines to 3,400 people per square mile (1,300 per square kilometer).
For Pakistan overall, population density drops to an average 679 inhabitants per square mile (262 per square kilometer).