Technically a province rather than a city, Jakarta has special status as the capital for the Republic of Indonesia–the world’s largest predominantly Muslim nation. Officially, Jakarta is comprised of five administrative cities (Central, North, East, West and South Jakarta) plus the Kepulauan Seribu administrative-regency (also known as the Thousand Islands).
Located on the northwestern coast of Java, an Indonesian island, Jakarta is both a busy tourist destination and thriving business hub. Jakarta’s Tanjung Priok seaport was ranked the world’s 26th busiest port in terms of container shipments according to the American Association of Port Authorities.
Jakarta also places number 62 among the world’s top financial centers.
Indonesia exported US$144.5 billion worth of goods in 2016. Highest-value Indonesian exports are palm oil, coal, petroleum gas, crude oil, natural rubber, jewelry as well as copper according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Jakarta, Indonesia:Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: National Monument (Monas), Jembatan Pasar Ayam drawbridge and Istiqlal Mosque
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Jakarta, Indonesia:
- Agnes Mo, singer-songwriter & actress (born Jul. 1, 1986)
- Atiqah Hasiholan, actress & model (born Jan. 3, 1982)
- Shireen Sungkar, actress (born Jan. 28, 1992)
- Sehat Sutardja, co-founder Marvell Technology Group (born 1961)
- Zivanna Letisha Siregar, former Miss Universe (born Feb. 16, 1989)
- Vindy Lee, celebrity chef (born Nov. 23, 1980)
- B. J. Habibie, former president (born Jun. 25, 1936)
- Anggun, pop singer (born Apr. 29, 1974)
- Arnold Telagaarta, social media star (born Dec. 24, 1986)
- Sophie Masson, author (born May 18, 1959)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Jakarta resident: Jakartan
Population: 10,323,000 (Jakarta’s Special Capital Region)
Density: 40,419 people per square mile (15,606 per square kilometer)
Population: 31,320,000 (Greater Jakarta)
Density: 25,157 people per square mile (9,713 per square kilometer)
Population: 258,316,051 (Indonesia)
Density: 369 people per square mile (143 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$321.3 trillion in 2014 (Greater Jakarta)
GDP per person: $10,259
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Jakarta: Indonesian rupiah
American Association of Port Authorities, Port Industry Studies: World Port Rankings 2014. Accessed on January 23, 2017
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 15, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 15, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Fortune, 2015 Global 500. Accessed on January 30, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on January 23, 2017
Official Government Website, Jakarta Metropolitan Government. Accessed on November 15, 2016
PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), 2016 Cities of Opportunity Report. Accessed on January 30, 2017
The World Factbook, East & Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on January 23, 2017
The World Factbook, Field Listing: World, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Capital Districts and Territories. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Wikipedia, Jakarta. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Wikipedia, Greater Jakarta. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Wikipedia, Indonesia. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Jakarta was ranked number 10 among the world’s least costly cities by PwC’s 2016 Cities of Opportunity Index, scoring well on benchmarks for corporate total tax rate, personal taxes and cost of living. Jakarta’s cost advantages are exemplified by the fact that Indonesia’s capital city placed third among all cities for the cost of living comparison.
Jakarta’s Special Capital Region had a population of 10.3 million people in 2015, with a land area equal to 225.4 square miles (661.5 square kilometers).
Greater Jakarta encompasses urban development extending into Tangerang, South Tanerang, Borgor, Bekasi (Jabodetabek) and Karawang. Serving as home to 31.3 million residents makes Greater Jakarta the world’s second-most populated metropolitan area behind Tokyo-Yokohama according to Demographia metrics. Jakarta’s built-up urban land territory covers 1,245 square miles (3,225 square kilometers).
At the country level, Indonesia had a population count of 258.3 million inhabitants living over a land territory of 699,450 square miles (1,811,569 square kilometers) as of July 2016.
Population density is more concentrated within Jakarta’s Special Capital Region with an average 40,400 residents per square mile (15,600 per square kilometer).
Density scales down over the bigger Greater Jakarta land area given the average 25,200 people per square mile (9,700 per square kilometer).
For Indonesia overall, population density drops significantly to an average 370 Indonesians per square mile (140 per square kilometer).
Indonesia declared its independence from the Dutch East India Company on August 17, 1945. Indonesians celebrate each August 17 as a national holiday fittingly called Independence Day.