Over 3,500 years old, Kabul is the capital city for the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan–a landlocked country in Central Asia.
Based on City Mayors Statistics, Kabul ranks number 5 among the world’s fastest-growing cities and urban areas.
Afghanistan exported US$571.4 million worth of goods around the globe in 2016. Afghanistan’s highest-value exports are carpets, vegetable saps and extracts, dried grapes, cumin seeds, sesame seeds, fresh or dried figs, pistachios and coal according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Kabul, Afghanistan: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Darul Aman Palace, Babur Tomb and Bagh-e Babur medieval garden
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Kabul, Afghanistan:
- Aryana Sayeed, singer & TV host (born Jul. 14, 1985)
- Khaled Hosseini, best-selling novel writer (born Mar. 4, 1965)
- Azita Ghanizada, actress (born Nov. 17, 1979)
- Farhad Darya, award-winning singer-songwriter (born Sep. 22, 1962)
- Layla Alizada, award-winning actress (born Aug. 11, 1977)
- Abdullah Abdullah, Afghanistan’s chief executive (born Sep. 5, 1960)
- Rohullah Nikpai, Olympic Taekwondo bronze medalist (born Jun. 15, 1987)
- Tyler Lawlor, Olympic doubles canoeist (born Jan. 11, 1972)
- Robina Muqim Yaar, Olympic women’s sprinter (born Jul. 3, 1986)
- Friba Razayee, Olympic women’s judo (born Sep. 3, 1985)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Kabul resident: Kabuli
Population: 3,650,000 (Kabul city metropolis)
Density: 36,500 people per square mile (14,093 per square kilometer)
Population: 4,635,000 (Kabul Province)
Density: 2,691 people per square mile (1,039 per square kilometer)
Population: 33,332,025 (Afghanistan)
Density: 132 people per square mile (51 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$62.3 billion as of October 2016 (for Afghanistan, per the CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $1,900
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Kabul were unavailable.
Official currency used in Kabul: Afghan afghani
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 26, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, South Asia: Afghanistan. Accessed on February 2, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 26, 2016
City Mayors Statistics, The world’s fastest growing cities and urban areas from 2006 to 2020. Accessed on February 2, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 26, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 26, 2016
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 2, 2017
Official Government Website, Kabul Municipality. Accessed on November 26, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 26, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Afghanistan. Accessed on February 2, 2017
Wikipedia, Kabul. Accessed on November 26, 2016
Wikipedia, Kabul Province. Accessed on November 26, 2016
Rapid urbanization has boosted Kabul’s population to 3.65 million people in 2015 living in a metropolis area measuring 100 square miles (259 square kilometers). Kabul city is also the capital of Kabul Province, one of 34 Afghani provinces.
Kabul Province has a perimeter partially formed by the Koh-e Shirdarwaza Mountain to its northeast, the Koh-e Paghman Mountain to its east and the Koh-e Qrough Mountain to its southwest. Land area for Kabul Province totals approximately 1,700 square miles (4,500 square kilometers).
At the country level, Afghanistan’s land area covers 251,827 square miles (652,230 square kilometers). The national population count was 33.3 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is higher within the urbanized area for Afghanistan’s capital city with an average 36,500 Kabulis per square mile (14,100 per square kilometer).
Over the vast Kabul Province, density diminishes to an average 2,700 people per square mile (1,040 per square kilometer).
For Afghanistan overall, population density drops dramatically to an average 132 inhabitants per square mile (51 per square kilometer).
Afghanistan gained independence from the United Kingdom’s control over Afghan foreign affairs on August 19, 1919. Afghanis celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each August 19.