Unique as its nation’s only city with the administrative status of Mahanagar (Metropolitan City), Kathmandu is the capital for the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal–a landlocked country in South Asia.
According to Guinness World Records, Nepal’s capital city Kathmandu was the site of the world’s longest yoga marathon. Nepali Uttam Muktan endured a yoga session lasting over 50 hours from December 17 to 19, 2015.
Nepal exported US$660.2 million worth of goods in 2015 according to the latest estimates from the International Trade Centre. Nepal’s highest-value exports are carpets, synthetic fiber yarn, nutmeg, fruit juices and woven fabrics.
Kathmandu is the most important industrial and commercial center in Nepal.Tourism is a major source of employment income for Kathmandu residents.
Capital Facts for Kathmandu, Nepal: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Swayambhunath Temple, Kopan Monastery and Kathmandu Durbar Square
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Kathmandu, Nepal:
- Baikuntha Manandhar, gold medal marathon runner (born Dec. 24, 1952)
- Sujan Shakya, TV show host (born Mar. 10, 1988)
- Priyanka Karki, actress & Miss Teen Nepal (born Feb. 27, 1987)
- Anmol KC, actor & producer (born May 30, 1991)
- Paras Khadka, cricket player (born Oct. 24, 1987)
- Manisha Koirala, actress (born Aug. 16, 1970)
- Ruby Rana, model & Miss Nepal (born Sep. 22, 1972)
- Krisha Chaulagain, art director & producer (born Sep. 4, 1986)
- Dichen Lachman, actress & producer (born Feb. 22, 1982)
- Nisha Adhikari, actress (born Oct. 4, 1986)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Nepal resident: Nepali, Nepalese
Population: 985,000 (Kathmandu Metropolitan City)
Density: 51,598 people per square mile (19,922 per square kilometer)
Population: 2,755,000 (Kathmandu built-up agglomeration)
Density: 35,779 people per square mile (13,814 per square kilometer)
Population: 29,033,914 (Nepal)
Density: 525 people per square mile (203 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$71.5 billion as of October 2016 (for Nepal, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $2,463
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Kathmandu were unavailable.
Official currency used in Kathmandu: Nepalese rupee
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on July 28, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on July 28, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, South Asia: Nepal. Accessed on July 28, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on July 28, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on July 28, 2017
Guinness World Records, International Yoga Day: Top ten world records related to the popular exercise. Accessed on February 7, 2017
Official Government Website, Kathmandu Metropolitan City Office . Accessed on July 28, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on July 28, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Kathmandu. Accessed on July 28, 2017
Wikipedia, Nepal. Accessed on July 28, 2017
World Population Review, Kathmandu Population 2016. Accessed on July 28, 2017
Kathmandu’s core city limits contain an area measuring 19.1 square miles (49.4 square kilometers) within which there are almost one million residents.
Kathmandu’s built-up urban agglomeration includes the core city and extends over Kathmandu Valley. Total land area covers 77 square miles (199 square kilometers) while the population count for Kathmandu’s agglomeration is an estimated 2.8 million inhabitants.
At the country level, Nepal’s land area covers 55,348 square miles (143,351 square kilometers). The national population count was 29 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is higher within Nepal’s capital city with an average 51,600 inhabitants per square mile (19,900 per square kilometer).
Density falls to an average 35,800 people per square mile (13,800 per square kilometer) for Kathmandu’s built-up urban agglomeration area.
For Nepal overall, population density drops to an average 500 inhabitants per square mile (200 per square kilometer).