Home to the country’s largest airport, Khartoum is the capital city for the Republic of Sudan.
Guinness World Records documents public hanging of 76 year old Mahmoud Mohamed Taha in Khartoum on January 18, 1986 as the oldest person execution during the 20th century. Taha was put to death at Khartoum’s Kober Prison just 13 days after his arrest for subversion.
Sudan exported US$5.6 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2015. Sudan’s highest-value export is petroleum oils, most crude and with a smaller amount of refined oil. Other Sudanese exports include live sheep, sesame seeds, natural Arabic gum, raw cane sugar, live camels, melon seeds, gold and live goats according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Khartoum, Sudan: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Presidential Palace, Al Kabir Mosque and University of Khartoum
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Khartoum, Sudan:
- Nagmeldin Ali Abubakr, Olympic runner (born Feb. 22, 1986)
- Atem Kuol, filmmaker & director (born Mar. 1, 1989)
- Nikki Perkins, YouTube star (born Apr. 2, 1990)
- Mhasin Fadlalla, Olympic swimmer (born Feb. 20, 1994 )
- Kuach Kamon, soccer player/footballer (born Sep. 10, 1992 )
- Ataui Deng, model (born Nov. 3, 1991)
- Daniel Michael Siyoum, film producer (born Jan. 10, 1982)
- Filmon Aggujaro, film producer (born May 29, 1979)
- Majak Daw, professional Australian-rules footballer (born Mar. 11, 1991 )
- Ahmed Shaweesh, film director (born Nov. 2, 1988)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Khartoum resident: Khartoumese
Population: 1,974,647 (Khartoum city)
Density: 13,880 people per square mile (5,359 per square kilometer)
Population: 5,500,000 (Khartoum State)
Density: 643 people per square mile (248 per square kilometer)
Population: 36,729,501 (Sudan)
Density: 51 people per square mile (20 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$176.3 billion as of October 2016 (for Sudan, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $4,800
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Khartoum were unavailable.
Official currency used in Khartoum: Sudanese pound
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 25, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Africa: Sudan. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 25, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 25, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 25, 2016
Guinness World Records, Oldest person executed (20th century). Accessed on February 1, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Official Government Website, Khartoum State Police. Accessed on November 25, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 25, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Khartoum. Accessed on November 25, 2016
Wikipedia, Khartoum (state). Accessed on November 25, 2016
Wikipedia, Sudan. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Khartoum city has an area of 375 square miles (971 square kilometers), with a population of two million residents who must cope with a hot desert climate.
Khartoum city is also the capital for Khartoum State, one of 18 Sudanese states. Khartoum State has an estimated population of 5.5 million people, however most sources concede that Sudan population metrics are contested. Khartoum State’s land area is a vast 8,549 square miles (22,142 square kilometers).
At the country level, Sudan’s land area covers 718,723 square miles (1,861,484 square kilometers). The national population count was 36.7 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is much more intense within Sudan’s capital city with an average 8,500 people per square mile (22,100 per square kilometer).
The density metric diminishes to an average 650 people per square mile (250 per square kilometer) over the extensive Khartoum State area.
For Sudan overall, population density further drops to an average 51 inhabitants per square mile (20 per square kilometer).
Sudan won its independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom on January 1, 1956. Residents of Sudan celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each January 1.