Formerly known as Leopoldville, Kinshasa is the capital city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo). Kinshasa is located on the Congo River with a population of 11.6 million people.
Per Guinness World Records, the Democratic Republic of Congo’s Inga Falls has a top height of 315 feet (96 meters), a maximum width of 13,200 feet (4,023 meters), a river run of 50,000 feet (15,240 meters) and is the world’s largest waterfall by volume.
The Democratic Republic of Congo exported US$4.6 billion worth of goods around the globe during 2016. Highest-value Congolese exports include copper, cobalt, petroleum oils, diamonds and timber according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Kinshasa, DR Congo: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Symphonie des Arts, Eglise CBFC-Gombe and Cathedrale Notre-Dame du Congo
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Kinshasa:
- Kaysha, rapper & producer (born Jan. 22, 1974)
- Fabrice Muamba, soccer player/footballer (born Apr. 6, 1988)
- Dikembe Mutombo, NBA basketball player (born Jun. 25, 1966)
- Merveille Lukeba, actor, director & producer (born Mar. 30, 1990)
- Maitre Gims, hip-hop artist (born May 6, 1986)
- Djo Munga, director & producer (born Oct. 25, 1972)
- Steve Mandanda, soccer goaltender/footballer (born Mar. 28, 1985)
- Awilo Longomba, singer & drummer (born May 5, 1962)
- Kiki Musampa, soccer player/footballer (born Jul. 20, 1977)
- Emmanuel Mudiay, basketball player (born Mar. 5, 1996)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Kinshasa resident: DR Congolese
Population: 11,587,000 (Kinshasa)
Density: 51,498 people per square mile (19,883 per square kilometer)
Population: 21,265,000 (Kinshasa plus surrounding urban areas)
Density: 55,234 people per square mile (21,326 per square kilometer)
Population: 81,331,050 (Democratic Republic of Congo)
Density: 93 people per square mile (36 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$66 billion as of October 2016 (for DR Congo, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $808 (calculated based on DR population of 81,680,000
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Kinshasa were unavailable.
Official currency used in Kinshasa: Congolese franc
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 19, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Africa: Congo, Democratic Republic of the. Accessed on February 1, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 19, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 10th Annual Edition (March 2014). Accessed on November 19, 2016
Guinness World Records, Greatest waterfall annual flow. Accessed on February 1, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on August 1, 2017
Official Government Website, Ville de Kinshasa. Accessed on November 19, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 19, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Wikipedia, List of metropolitan areas in Africa. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Wikipedia, Kinshasa. Accessed on November 19, 2016
Kinshasa’s urbanized land area measures 225 square miles (583 square kilometers).
Kinshasa is also a province, with administrative boundaries covering a massive 3,848 square miles (9,965 square kilometers) the vast majority (90%) of which is considered rural terrain. Nevertheless, an estimated 21.3 people live within Kinshasa’s total city plus surrounding urbanized areas.
At the country level, Democratic Republic of Congo’s land area covers 875,312 square miles (2,267,048 square kilometers). The national population count was 81.3 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is slightly lower within the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s capital with an average 51,500 people per square mile (19,900 per square kilometer).
Urban density increases to an average 55,200 residents per square mile (21,300 per square kilometer) when you factor in urbanized locations outside Kinshasa city proper.
For the Democratic Republic of Congo overall, population density drops drastically to an average 93 inhabitants per square mile (36 per square kilometer).
The Democratic Republic of Congo gained its independence from Belgium on June 30, 1960. Residents celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each June 30.