Located near the midwest coast of South America and bordering on the Pacific Ocean, Lima is the capital city of Peru.
Lima has a reputation for being a friendly city and, according to Guinness World Records, that notion is exemplified by at least one case. On February 14, 2013 the Peruvian capital set a world record for 5,174 hugs given in eight hours by an individual at Lima’s Jockey Plaza Shopping Center.
Peru exported US$36 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. Highest-value Peruvian exports are copper, gold, processed petroleum oils, zinc, lead, grapes and coffee according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Lima, Peru: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Catedral de Lima (Basilica Cathedral), Palacio de Justicia (Palace of Justice), Puente de los Suspiros (River of Sighs)
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Lima, Peru:
- Stephanie Cayo, actress & singer-songwriter (born Apr. 8, 1988)
- Ricardo de Montreuil, director & writer (born May 17, 1974)
- Nathalie Kelley, actress (born Mar. 3, 1985)
- Sofía Mulánovich, world champion surfer (born Jun. 24, 1983)
- Kina Malpartida, former world champion boxer (born Mar. 25, 1980)
- Luanna Perez-Garreaud, blogger & YouTube star (born Oct. 8, 1990)
- Mario Testino, fashion photographer (born Oct. 30, 1954)
- Natalie Vertiz, best body winner Miss Universe 2011 (born Sep. 29, 1991)
- Paolo Guerrero, soccer player/footballer (born Jan. 1, 1984)
- Immortal Technique, rapper (born Feb. 19, 1978)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Lima resident: Limeño
Population: 8,852,000 (Lima city)
Density: 8,578 people per square mile (3,312 per square kilometer)
Population: 9,897,000 (Lima metropolitan area)
Density: 9,088 people per square mile (3,509 per square kilometer)
Population: 30,741,062 (Peru)
Density: 62 people per square mile (24 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$176.4 billion in 2014 (Lima metropolitan area)
GDP per person: $16,530
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Lima: sol (plural soles)
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 19, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 19, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, South America: Peru. Accessed on February 1, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 19, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 10th Annual Edition (March 2014). Accessed on November 19, 2016
Guinness World Records, Most hugs given in eight hours by an individual. Accessed on February 1, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Official Government Website, Municipality of Lima . Accessed on November 19, 2016
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas – Population, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on November 19, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 19, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Capital Districts and Territories. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Wikipedia, Lima. Accessed on November 19, 2016
Wikipedia, Lima Metropolitan Area. Accessed on November 19, 2016
Wikipedia, Peru. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Geographically, Lima has a vast land perimeter covering 1,032 square miles (2,672 kilometers) albeit just about a third or 355 square miles (919 square kilometers) of that area is urbanized. Lima city’s population is 8.9 million.
The Lima metropolitan area extends to and includes Callao, Peru’s largest port city. Encompassing Callao, Lima’s metropolitan area occupies 1,089 square miles (2,819 square kilometers) and served as home to 9.9 million residents as of 2015.
At the country level, Peru’s land area covers 494,209 square miles (1,279,996 square kilometers). The national population count was 30.7 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is modestly lower within the boundaries of Peru’s capital city with an average 8,600 Limeños per square mile (3,300 per square kilometer).
Urban density increases to an average 9,100 residents per square mile (3,500 per square kilometer) for Lima’s metropolitan area which includes the seaport city of Callao.
For Peru overall, population density drops drastically to an average 62 inhabitants per square mile (24 per square kilometer).
Peru broke free from Spain on July 28, 1821. Residents celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each July 28.