Luxembourg City is the capital for the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, a landlocked country in central-western Europe. Both the city and country share the exact same name, which can cause confusion.
What is clear is that Luxembourg was a founding member state for the European Union in 1993 while Luxembourg City is one of three official EU capitals and serves as the seat for the European Court of Justice.
At 647 cars per 1,000 residents, the Guinness Book of Records places Luxembourg first boasting the world’s highest rate of car ownership by nation. Luxembourg is also the world’s second-richest country in terms of Gross Domestic Product on a purchasing power parity basis per ranking website WorldsRichestCountries.com.
Luxembourg exported US$12.8 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. The European country’s highest-value exported products are iron and steel, rubber tires, cars, cheese, non-woven clothing materials, paper and aluminum according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Luxembourg: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Palace of the Grand Dukes, Notre Dame Cathedral, Place d’Armes square, Luxembourg American Cemetery Memorial, Monument to National Unity, Luxembourg City History Museum and the Citadel of the Holy Spirit
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Luxembourg:
- Prince Felix, royalty (born Jun. 3, 1984)
- Frank Schleck, Tour de France winner (born Apr. 15, 1980)
- Jean Claude Juncker, former prime minister (born Dec. 9, 1954)
- Jacques Poos, economist (born Jun. 3, 1935)
- Desiree Nosbusch, actress & TV host (born Jan. 14, 1965)
- Andy Schleck, professional cyclist (born Jun. 10, 1985)
- Anne Kremer, professional tennis player (born Oct. 17, 1975)
- Yves Mersch, former central bank governor (born Oct. 1, 1949)
- Tatiana Fabeck, award-winning architect (born Jul. 4, 1970)
- Ernie Hammes, jazz orchestra founder (born Aug. 18, 1968)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a resident of Luxembourg: Luxembourger
Population: 115,227 (Luxembourg City)
Density: 4,801 people per square mile (1,854 per square kilometer)
Population: 582,291 (Luxembourg)
Density: 583 people per square mile (225 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$58.74 billion in 2016 (for Luxembourg, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $102,000
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Luxembourg City were unavailable.
Official currency used in Luxembourg: euro
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on January 20, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on January 20, 2017
Guinness World Records, Highest rate of car ownership. Accessed on January 20, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on July 31, 2017
Official Government Website, City of Luxembourg. Accessed on January 20, 2017
The World Factbook, Europe: Luxembourg, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on January 20, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on January 20, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Communes of Luxembourg. Accessed on January 20, 2017
Wikipedia, Luxembourg. Accessed on January 20, 2017
Wikipedia, Luxembourg City. Accessed on January 20, 2017
WorldsRichestCountries.com, Richest Countries by 2016 GDP Per Capita. Accessed on January 20, 2017
Luxembourg City’s built-up urban land area measures 24 square miles (62 square kilometers) with an estimated population of 115,227 residents at the start of 2016.
Luxembourg’s national population count was 582,291 people living over land territory equal to 998 square miles (2,586 square kilometers) as of July 2016.
Population density is much higher within Luxembourg City with an average 4,800 people per square mile (1,900 per square kilometer).
For Luxembourg overall, population density drops significantly to an average 600 people per square mile (225 per square kilometer).
Luxembourg gained its independence from the Netherlands in 1839. Luxembourgers celebrate each June 23 as a public holiday called National Day.