Nicknamed Madtown, the Mad City and the Four Lakes City, Madison is the state capital for Wisconsin and is America’s 15th-most highly populated state capital city. The capital was named after James Madison, the fourth president of the United States.
Living up to its “Mad” monikers, Madison was the site of a wild Guinness World Record on July 21, 1996 when American Sam Tartamella performed the longest handstand on a skateboard ever. He travelled upside down for 2,255 feet (687.33 meters) along Madison’s Nakoma Road.
Madison serves as headquarters for one large corporation recognized as belonging to the Forbes Global 2000 world’s biggest companies: public holding utility holding company Alliant Energy.
Wisconsin shipped U$21 billion worth of goods around the globe during 2016. Highest-value exports from Wisconsin are civilian aircraft, x-ray or ultrasound tomography computer equipment, miscellaneous electro-diagnostic apparatus, miscellaneous adrenal cortical hormones and derivatives, marine outboard engines, xrays-related equipment and armored military vehicles according to United States Census Bureau data.
The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for Madison was 2.5% as of May 3, 2017.
Capital Facts for Madison, United States: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Alliant Energy Center, Chazen Museum of Art, Kohl Center, LaBahn Arena, Monona Terrace Community and Convention Center, Overture Center for the Arts, Wisconsin Veterans Museum and the University of Wisconsin Geology Museum
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Madison, United States:
- Chris Noth, actor (born Nov. 13, 1954)
- Rob Marshall, Academy Award-winning director (born Oct. 17, 1960)
- Bradley Whitford, actor & producer (born Oct. 10, 1959)
- Phil Kessel, professional NHL hockey player (born Oct. 2, 1987)
- Eric Heiden, Olympic speed skating gold medalist (born Jun. 14, 1981)
- Ryan Suter, professional NHL hockey player (born Jan. 21, 1985)
- Tammy Baldwin, first female U.S. senator from Wisconsin (born Feb. 11, 1962)
- Jim Montgomery, Olympic swimming gold medalist (born Jan. 24, 1955)
- Jerry Kelly, professional PGA golfer (born Nov. 23, 1966)
- Inoj, R&B singer (born Nov. 27, 1976)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches of published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Madison resident: Madisonian
Population: 248,951 (Madison city limits)
Density: 3,242 people per square mile (1,242 per square kilometer)
Population: 641,385 (Madison metropolitan area)
Density: 315 people per square mile (122 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$46.574 billion as of March 2015 (Madison-Janesville-Beloit Combined Statistical Area)
GDP per person: $53,258
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a current basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Madison: U.S. dollars
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on May 29, 2017
Dilemma X, U.S. Census Bureau metropolitan population estimates July 1, 2016. Accessed on May 29, 2017
Forbes Global 2000, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 29, 2017
Guinness World Records, Longest handstand on a skateboard. Accessed on May 29, 2017
Knoema, Metropolitan areas: Total land area (km2) for Madison. Accessed on May 29, 2017
Nations Online, Capital Cities of the USA. Accessed on May 29, 2017
Official Government Website, City of Madison official website. Accessed on May 29, 2017
United States Census Bureau, Foreign Trade: State by 6-Digit HS Code and Top Countries. Accessed on May 29, 2017
United States Census Bureau, State Population Totals Tables: 2010-2016. Accessed on May 29, 2017
United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics: Seasonally Adjusted Metropolitan Area Estimates. Accessed on May 29, 2017
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross Domestic Product by Metropolitan Area, 2015 (Tables Only). Accessed on May 29, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, Madison city flag. Accessed on May 29, 2017
Wikipedia, Madison, Wisconsin. Accessed on May 29, 2017
Wikipedia, Madison, Wisconsin, metropolitan statistical area. Accessed on May 29, 2017
Wikipedia, Wisconsin. Accessed on May 29, 2017
Within city limits, Madison occupies 76.79 square miles (198.89 square kilometers). The state capital’s population was 248,951 Madisonians in 2016.
The Madison, Wisconsin metropolitan statistical area has a land area of 2,034 square miles (5,268.1 square kilometers) with a metropolitan area population of 641,385 inhabitants.
At the city level, Madison’s population density is 3,242 residents per square mile (1,252 per square kilometer).
Population density dilutes within the larger Madison metropolitan area with an average 315 inhabitants per square mile (122 per square kilometer).
Madisonians celebrate Independence Day as a national holiday each July 4.