Featuring the highest number of trees per inhabitant among European cities, Madrid is the capital of Spain.
Madrid is ranked number 5 in the world among cities demonstrating the strongest economic clout by PwC’s 2016 Cities of Opportunity Index. Spain’s capital scored remarkably well on economic clout benchmarks for job growth as well as financial and business services employment.
Madrid’s economic power is fortified by the fact that 21 of Fortune Global 500 companies have their headquarters located in the Spanish capital city. Those global firms include commercial and savings bank Banco Santander, property and casualty insurer Mapfre Group and petroleum refiner Repsol.
In 2016, Spain shipped US$281.8 billion worth of goods around the globe. Highest-value Spanish exports are automobiles, automotive parts and accessories, refined petroleum oils, automotive parts, virgin olive oils and wine according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Madrid, Spain: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Royal Palace of Madrid, Retiro Park (Parque del Retiro) and Basilica de San Francisco El Grande
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Madrid, Spain.
- Julio Iglesias, singer-songwriter (born Sep. 23, 1943)
- Enrique Iglesias, singer-songwriter & actor (born May 8, 1975)
- Alejandro Sanz, singer-songwriter (born Dec. 18, 1968)
- Koke, football/soccer (born Jan. 8, 1992)
- Rosario Flores, singer & actress (born Nov. 4, 1963)
- Amaia Salamanca, actress (born Mar. 28, 1986)
- Belinda Peregrín, singer-songwriter & actress (born Aug. 15, 1989)
- Javier Solana, physicist (born July 14, 1942)
- Antonio López García, painter & sculptor (born Jan. 6, 1943)
- Iván Sánchez, actor & model (born Nov. 19, 1974)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was based on a Google search of published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Madrid resident: Madrilenian, Madrileño
Population: 3,141,991 (Madrid municipality)
Density: 13,468 people per square mile (5,200 per square kilometer)
Population: 6,321,398 (Madrid metropolitan area)
Density: 3,068 people per square mile (1,185 per square kilometer)
Population: 48,563,476 (Spain)
Density: 252 people per square mile (97 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$262.3 billion in 2014 (Madrid metropolitan area)
GDP per person: $39,288
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Madrid: Euro
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 23, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 23, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Europe: Spain. Accessed on January 29, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 23, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 23, 2016
Fortune, 2015 Global 500. Accessed on January 29, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on January 29, 2017
Official Government Website, Cit of Madrid. Accessed on November 23, 2016
PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), 2016 Cities of Opportunity Report. Accessed on January 29, 2017
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas – Population, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on November 23, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 23, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Madrid. Accessed on November 23, 2016
Wikipedia, Madrid metropolitan area. Accessed on November 23, 2016
Wikipedia, Spain. Accessed on January 29, 2017
Madrid’s municipal city limits cover an area of 233.3 square miles (604.2 square kilometers) and serves as home to 3.1 million people.
In addition to the city of Madrid, Madrid’s metropolitan area encompasses 20 surrounding municipalities. About 6.3 million inhabitants live within the Madrid metropolitan area which measures 2,060 square miles (5,336 square kilometers). Madrid’s biggest suburbs are generally found along the main routes traversing the city’s southern perimeter.
At the country level, Spain’s land territory covers 192,657 square miles (498,980 square kilometers). The national population count was 48.6 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is much higher within Spain’s capital city with an average 13,500 Madrilenians per square mile (5,200 per square kilometer). Density drops dramatically to an average 3,100 people per square mile (1,200 per square kilometer) for the Madrid metropolitan area.
For Spain overall, national population density drops to an average 250 residents per square mile (100 per square kilometer).
Dating way back to 1492, Spaniards celebrate when Columbus first set foot in the Americas as its National Day each October 12.