Its name derived from the Sesotho word meaning red sandstones, Maseru is the Kingdom of Lesotho’s capital city. Lesotho is a landlocked nation fully surrounded by South Africa.
Basutoland was the original name for Lesotho when it was a British Crown colony established in 1884.
Lesotho ranks among the bottom third of the world’s poorest countries in terms of gross domestic product (GDP). According to the International Trade Centre, Lesotho’s exports amounted to US$896.5 million during 2016. Its highest-value exported products are clothing, diamonds, electrical components and raw wool.
Capital Facts for Maseru, Lesotho: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Thaba-Bosiu National Monument, Royal Palace, Our Lady of Victory Cathedral, Maseru United Church, Lesotho Sun Casino and the National Museum
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Maseru, Lesotho:
- Prince Lerotholi Seeiso, heir to throne (born Apr. 18, 2007)
- Tom Thabane, former prime minister (born May 28, 1939)
- Princess Senate Seeiso, royalty (born Oct. 7, 2001)
- Mosito Lehata, Olympic sprinter (born Apr. 8, 1989)
- Liteboho Mokhesi, soccer/football goalkeeper (born May 17, 1985)
- Mosolesa Tsie, Olympic boxer (born Jan. 20, 1980)
- Steve Barker, soccer/football player & coach (born Dec. 23, 1967)
- Mots’eoa Senyane, former high commissioner to Canada (born Mar. 19, 1968)
- Masempe Theko, Olympic swimmer (born Jul. 4, 1987)
- Peter Hobson, cricket player (born Jun. 7, 1949)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a resident of Lesotho: Mosotho (singular), Basotho (plural)
Population: 267,000 (Maseru)
Density: 5,000 people per square mile (1,931 per square kilometer)
Population: 1,953,070 (Lesotho)
Density: 167 people per square mile (64 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$6.019 billion in 2016 (for Lesotho, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $3,100
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Maseru were unavailable.
Official currency used in Maseru: Lesotho loti
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on January 18, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on January 18, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on January 18, 2017
Official Government Website, Lesotho Government Website. Accessed on January 18, 2017
The World Factbook, Africa: Lesotho, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on January 18, 2017
The World Factbook, Country Comparison: GDP (Purchasing Power Parity), Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on January 18, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on January 18, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Maseru. Accessed on January 18, 2017
Wikipedia, Lesotho. Accessed on January 18, 2017
Maseru’s land area measures 53 square miles (138 square kilometers) with an estimated population of 267,000 residents in 2014 per the Central Intelligence Agency’s World Factbook.
The national population for Lesotho was 2 million as of July 2016 living over a land territory equal to 11,720 square miles (30,355 square kilometers).
Population density is much higher within Lesotho’s capital city Maseru with an average 5,000 people per square mile (1,931 per square kilometer).
For Lesotho overall, density diminishes to an average 167 inhabitants per square mile (64 per square kilometer).
Lesotho won its independence from the United Kingdom on October 4, 1966. Fittingly named Lesotho’s Independence Day, each October 4 is celebrated as a national holiday.