Strategically located on the Horn of Africa, Mogadishu is the capital for the Federal Republic of Somalia. The East African city possesses the nation’s largest harbor, which serves as a major Somali seaport along the Indian Ocean coastline.
Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index 2016 rates Somalia as the world’s mostly highly corrupt nation ahead of South Sudan, North Korea, Syria and Yemen.
Somalia shipped an estimated US$568.1 million worth of goods around the globe in 2016. The highest value Somalian exports include live sheep, goats, cows, miscellaneous oil seeds and frozen fish according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Mogadishu, Somalia: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Mogadishu Stadium, National Theatre of Somalia, Garesa Museum, Villa Somalia palace and Arba’a Rukun Mosque
Demonym for a Mogadishu resident: Mogadishan
Population: 2,265,000 (Mogadishu)
Density: 64,714 people per square mile (24,986 per square kilometer)
Population: 12,316,895 (Somalia)
Density: 50 people per square mile (19 per square kilometer)
Note: The following GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
GDP: US$4.4 billion as of October 2016 (for Somalia, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $410
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Tehran were unavailable.
Official currency used in Mogadishu: Somali shilling
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on February 26, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Africa: Somalia. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on February 26, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on December 5, 2016
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Official Government Website, , Mogadishu City. Accessed on February 26, 2017
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas – Population, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index 2016. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Mogadishu. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Wikipedia, Somalia. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Somalian census data is notoriously hard to obtain. Nevertheless, Demographia estimates that Mogadishu’s population was 2.3 million people in 2015, over a land area measuring 35 square miles (91 square kilometers).
Somalia’s overall land area is 246,201 square miles (637,657 square kilometers), home to an estimated 12.3 million residents during 2014.
Residents celebrate the Foundation of the Somali Republic each July 1.
Population density is much higher within Somalia’s capital city with an average 64,700 Mogadishans per square mile (25,000 per square kilometer).
From the perspective of the East African country’s overall land area, density drops severely to an average 50 people per square mile (19 per square kilometer) within Somalian national borders.