Alabama’s capital was named after Richard Montgomery, a former British Army soldier who became a major general for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and who led an unsuccessful invasion of Canada in 1775.
Nicknames for Montgomery include the Cradle of the Confederacy and Birthplace of the Civil Rights Movement. The Gump is a more recent moniker popularized by rap group Deuce Komradz.
A distinctive landmark on Montgomery’s skyline is the RSA Tower which is 375 feet (114 meters) tall.
Among mid-sized American cities, Montgomery has one of the biggest and most vibrant art scenes. Alabama’s capital city is home to the Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts showcasing American paintings and sculptures, and the Society of Arts and Crafts which runs a co-operative gallery for local artists,
The Hank Williams Museum in Montgomery boasts one of the world’s biggest collections of the iconic country singer’s memorabilia. In addition, Montgomery’s W.A Gayle Planetarium is one of the largest astronomy observatories in southeastern United States.
Research website numbeo lacks sufficient data to rank Alabama’s capital city on its comprehensive global quality of life rating which benchmarks 250 cities worldwide. Numbeo does evaluate Montgomery on several individual factors. For instance, Montgomery’s property price to income ratio is in the least expensive 23% while its climate score ranks in the top 31%. On the negative side, Montgomery rates relatively poorly for health care (off-the-scale worst) and safety (bottom 12%).
Montgomery’s largest employers are Maxwell Gunter Air Force Base, State of Alabama; Montgomery Public Schools, hospital provider Baptist Health, Hyundai Motor Manufacturing Alabama, City of Montgomery and auto parts maker MOBIS Alabama.
From an international trade perspective, Alabama shipped U$20.8 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2019. Its most valuable exports include passenger motor vehicles (32.2% of Alabama’s global total), civilian aircraft including engine and other parts (10.5%), coal (6.5%), spark ignition piston engines (2.2%), chemical woodpulp, soda or sulfate (2%), primary polycarbonates (1.9%), and refined petroleum oils (1.7%) according to United States Census Bureau data.
The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for Montgomery was 9.8% at July 2020, up from 2.7% one year earlier.
Capital Facts for Montgomery, United States: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Dexter Parsonage Museum (Dr. Martin Luther King home), First White House of the Confederacy, Garrett Coliseum, Governor’s Mansion, Riverwalk Stadium, Rosa Parks Arrest Site and The Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald Museum
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Montgomery, United States.
- Octavia Spencer, Academy Award-winning actress (born May 25, 1970)
- Alonzo Babers, Olympic sprint gold medalist (born Oct 31, 1961)
- Bart Starr, NFL football Super Bowl-winning quarterback (born Oct. 10, 1986)
- Henry Carr, Olympic sprint gold medalist (born Nov. 27, 1942)
- Delmon Young, professional MLB baseball player (born Sep. 14, 1985)
- Stephen Twitch Boss, hip-hop dancer (born Sep. 29, 1982)
- Hosea Chanchez, actor (born Sep. 12, 1981)
- John Parker Wilson, professional NFL football quarterback (born Oct. 17, 1985)
- Tommy Shaw, rock guitarist (born Sep. 11, 1953)
- Toni Tennille, Grammy Award-winning singer (born May 8, 1940)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches of published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Montgomery resident: Montgomerian
Population: 197,282 (Montgomery)
Density: 1,233 people per square mile (476 per square kilometer)
Population: 4,908,620 (Montgomery metropolitan area)
Density: 97 people per square mile (37 per square kilometer)
GDP: US18.271 billion in 2018 (Montgomery)
GDP per person: $42,943
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a current basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Montgomery: U.S. dollars
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data).
Dilemma X, U.S. Census Bureau metropolitan population estimates July 1, 2016.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Per Capita Personal Income in Montgomery, AL (MSA).
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Unemployment Rate in Montgomery, AL (MSA).
Forbes Global 2000, The World’s Biggest Public Companies.
Montgomery Chamber Economic Development, Largest Employers.
Nations Online, Capital Cities of the USA.
Numbeo, Quality of Life Index by City.
Official Government Website, City of Montgomery official website.
United States Census Bureau, Foreign Trade: State by 6-Digit HS Code and Top Countries.
United States Census Bureau, State Population Totals Tables: 2010-2016.
United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics: Seasonally Adjusted Metropolitan Area Estimates.
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross Domestic Product by Metropolitan Area, 2015 (Tables Only).
Wikimedia Commons, Montgomery city flag.
Wikipedia, Montgomery, Alabama.
Wikipedia, Montgomery metropolitan area.
World Population Review, Alabama Population.
Montgomerians celebrate Independence Day as a national holiday each July 4.
Montgomery’s land area occupies 159.94 square miles (414.26 square kilometers). The state capital city’s population was 197,282 Montgomerians in 2020.
At the state level, Alabama has a land area of 50,744 square miles (131,426 square kilometers) and is home to a population of 4.9 million inhabitants.
Montgomery’s population density is more concentrated, averaging 1,233 residents per square mile (476 per square kilometer).
Zooming out to state land borders, population density dilutes to an average 97 inhabitants per square mile (37 per square kilometer).