Ranked number 20 in the world among cities demonstrating the strongest economic clout by PwC’s 2016 Cities of Opportunity Index, Moscow is the capital for Russia.
Moscow’s economic power is reinforced by the fact that 23 of the Fortune Global 500 companies have their headquarters located in the capital city including petroleum refiners Lukoil and Rosneft Oil as well as commercial and savings banks Sberbank and VTB Bank.
Russia was among the world’s top 16 exporters in 2016, shipping US$285.5 billion worth of goods around the globe. Highest-value Russian exports are oil, petroleum gas, coal, aluminum, semi-finished iron or non-alloy steel products, wheat and diamonds according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Moscow, Russia: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Ostankino Tower, Moscow Kremlin (citadel) and Moscow International Business Center
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Moscow, Russia
- Anna Kournikova, tennis professional, actress & model (born Jun. 7, 1981)
- Alex Ovechkin, professional hockey player (born Sep. 17, 1985)
- Nastia Liukin, Olympic gymnast champ (born Oct. 30, 1989)
- Ekaterina Gordeeva, Olympic pairs figure skating champ (born May 28, 1971)
- Andrei Skoch, billionaire businessman (born Jan. 30, 1966)
- Vlad Topalov, singer, dancer & actor (born Oct. 25, 1985)
- Victoria Marchenkova, contemporary artist (born Sep. 5, 1987)
- Edward Ateva, social media phenom (born Nov. 27, 1996)
- Alesia Raut, model & media personality (born Dec. 21, 1981)
- Lev Kublanov, graphic artist (born Sep. 9, 1946)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches of published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Moscow resident: Muscovite
Population: 14,300,000 (Moscow city)
Density: 14,748 people per square mile (5,694 per square kilometer)
Population: 16,570,000 (Moscow metropolitan area)
Density: 8,082 people per square mile (3,120 per square kilometer)
Population: 142,355,415 (Russia)
Density: 23 people per square mile (9 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$553.3 billion in 2014 (Moscow city)
GDP per person:$45,800
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Moscow: Russian ruble
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 17, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Central Asia: Russia. Accessed on January 24, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 17, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 17, 2016
Fortune, 2015 Global 500. Accessed on January 24, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on January 24, 2017
Official Government Website, Moscow Mayor Official Website. Accessed on November 17, 2016
PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), 2016 Cities of Opportunity Report. Accessed on January 24, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 17, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Moscow. Accessed on November 17, 2016
Wikipedia, Moscow metropolitan area. Accessed on November 17, 2016
Wikipedia, Russia. Accessed on January 24, 2017
Moscow’s built-up city area has a land area measuring 970 square miles (2,511 square kilometers). The capital’s estimated population was 14.3 million residents in 2015.
Commonly referred to as Moscow metropolitan area, the Moscow capital region covers 2,050 square miles (5,310 square kilometers) which serve as home to an estimated 16.6 million people in 2015. Moscow’s metro megacity area engulfs the city of Moscow plus parts of the surrounding Moscow Oblast.
At the country level, Russia’s land territory covers 6,323,479 square miles (16,377,742 square kilometers). The national population count was 142.4 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is more concentrated in Moscow city with an estimated 14,800 inhabitants per square mile (5,700 per square kilometer).
Density within Moscow’s metropolitan area averages 8,100 people per square mile (3,100 per square kilometer).
For Russia overall, population density drops dramatically to an average 23 residents per square mile (9 per square kilometer).
Russia Day is celebrated as a public holiday each June 12.