Home to the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque which features a prayer carpet weighing 23.5 tons (21 tonnes) and one of the world’s biggest single-piece carpets, Muscat serves as the capital for the Sultanate of Oman. Strategically located at the mouth of the Persian Gulf in the Middle East, Oman is an absolute monarchy ruled by Sultan Qaboos.
On November 21, 2016 Muscat was the site of a Guinness World Record when 1,717 participants simultaneously blew out candles while dressed in red, green or white T-shirts with caps and assembled to mimic Oman’s national flag. The record was set at Muscat’s City Amphitheater where just 33 Omanis were disqualified for not extinguishing their candle within the five-second time limit.
Oman places among the world’s 80 top exporters, shipping an estimated US$24.5 billion worth of goods in 2016. Oman’s highest-value exports are oil, fertilizers, aluminum, organic chemicals, insulated wire or cable and iron according to the International Trade Centre.
Muscat’s city limits contain a land area measuring 80 square miles (207 square kilometers) with an estimated population of 850,000 residents in 2016.
The much larger Muscat Governorate is comprised of six Omani provinces namely: Al Amarat, Bawshar, Muscat, Muttrah, Qurayyat and Al Seeb. Muscat Governorate’s land area is 1,400 square miles (3,500 square kilometers) and is home to approximately 1.3 million inhabitants.
Oman’s overall population is 3.4 million people living throughout the Mideast country’s overall land area of 119,499 square miles (309,500 square kilometers).
Capital Facts for Muscat, Oman: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, Al Aaalam Palace, Bait Al Zubair museum and the Amouage Perfumery
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Muscat, Oman:
- Isla Fisher, actress (born Feb. 3, 1976)
- Samar Puri, guitarist & songwriter (born Jun. 2, 1987)
- Buthaina Al Raisi, actress & model (born Jun. 9, 1983)
- Mohammed Al-Busaidi, soccer/football goalkeeper (born May 14, 1987)
- Hamoud Al-Dalhami, Olympic sprinter (born Nov. 7, 1971)
- Vic Galloway, radio/TV host (born Aug. 4, 1972)
- Khalid Al-Kulaibi, Olympic swimmer (born May 2, 1986)
- Fatma Al-Nabhani, tennis player (born May 20, 1992)
- Sneha Ullal, actress (born Dec. 18, 1982)
- Nitya Vidyasagar, actress (born Jul. 11, 1985)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Muscat resident: Omani
Population: 850,000 (Muscat)
Density: 10,625 people per square mile (4,102 per square kilometer)
Population: 1,288,330 (Muscat Governorate)
Density: 920 people per square mile (368 per square kilometer)
Population: 3,355,262 (Oman)
Density: 28 people per square mile (11 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$173.1 billion as of October 2016 (for Oman, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $43,737
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Muscat were unavailable.
Official currency used in Muscat: Omani rial
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on February 15, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on February 15, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Middle East: Oman. Accessed on February 15, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on February 15, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on February 15, 2017
Guinness World Records, Most people blowing out candles simultaneously. Accessed on February 15, 2017
Guinness World Records, Thousands celebrate Oman National Day with record attempt in Muscat. Accessed on February 15, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 15, 2017
Official Government Website, Muscat Municipality. Accessed on February 15, 2017
Remas Hotel Suites, Top Ten Places To Visit in Muscat And Oman, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on February 15, 2017
The World Factbook, Middle East: Oman, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on February 15, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on January 7, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Muscat. Accessed on February 15, 2017
Wikipedia, Musat Governate. Accessed on February 15, 2017
Wikipedia, Oman. Accessed on February 15, 2017
Population density is much higher within Oman’s capital city with an average 10,600 residents per square mile (4,100 per square kilometer).
Density drop dramatically to an average 920 people per square mile (368 per square kilometer) for the bigger Muscat Governorate.
Within national borders, population density falls to a mere 28 Omanis per square miles (11 per square kilometer).
Residents celebrate Oman National Day as a public holiday each November 21.