One of world’s hottest major cities with monthly high temperature averaging 35.8 degrees Celsius (96.4 degrees Fahrenheit), N’Djamena is the capital for the Republic of Chad. Chad is a landlocked nation located in Central African bordering Sudan to its east, Libya to its north and the Central African Republic to its south.
N’Djamena was first named Fort-Lamy by founding French commander Émile Gentil on May 29, 1900. The city’s original moniker was named after army officer Amédée-François Lamy.
Within its city limits, N’Djamena has a land area measuring 40 square miles (104 square kilometers) with an estimated population of 721,081 residents in 2016.
Adding in the built-up urbanized areas in N’Djamena’s surrounding territory results expands the land area to 64 square miles (166 square kilometers) within which approximated 1.3 million people live.
Chad is Africa’s fifth-biggest nation in terms of land area. Its borders serve as a national perimeter that encompasses 486,180 square miles (1,259,200 square kilometers). The country’s population in 2015 was about 11.9 million inhabitants.
Chad exported US$1.5 billion worth of products around the globe in 2016. Highest-value products from Chad include crude oil, cotton, oil seeds and fertilizers.
Capital Facts for N’Djamena, Chad: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Chad National Museum, Grand Mosque N’Djamena, Avenue Charles de Gaulle and the N’Djamena Cathedral
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in N’Djamena, Chad:
- Catherine Samba-Panza, former president (born Jun. 26, 1956)
- Japhet N’Doram, soccer player/footballer (born Feb. 27, 1966)
- Carine Ngarlemdana, Olympic judoka (born Nov. 13, 1994)
- Casimir Ninga, soccer player/footballer (born May 17, 1993)
- Mahamat Idriss, Olympic high jumper (born Jul. 17, 1942)
- Mahamat Saleh, soccer player/footballer (born Jun. 6, 1980)
- Enoch Derant Lakoué, former prime minister (born Oct. 4, 1944)
- Abakar Adoum, soccer player/footballer (born Aug. 18, 1984)
- Christophe Heymann, painter (born Aug. 4, 1956)
- Nabatingue Toko, soccer player/footballer (born Aug. 21, 1952)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a N’Djamena resident: Chadian
Population: 721,081 (N’Djamena city limits)
Density: 18,027 people per square mile (6,960 per square kilometer)
Population: 1,270,000 (N’Djamena built-up urban area)
Density: 19,844 people per square mile (7,662 per square kilometer)
Population: 11,852,462 (Chad)
Density: 24 people per square mile (9 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$30.5 billion as of October 2016 (for Chad, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $2,600
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for N’Djamena were unavailable.
Official currency used in N’Djamena: Central African CFA franc
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on December 23, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Africa: Chad. Accessed on February 14, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on December 23, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on December 23, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on December 23, 2016
Official Government Website, Presidency of the Republic of Chad. Accessed on December 23, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on December 23, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Chad. Accessed on December 23, 2016
Wikipedia, Capital Districts and Territories. Accessed on December 23, 2016
Wikipedia, N’Djamena. Accessed on December 23, 2016
World Population Review, Population of Cities in Chad (2016). Accessed on December 23, 2016
Population density within N’Djamena’s municipal city limits averaged 18,000 residents per square mile (7,000 per square kilometer).
Density increases to an average 19,800 people per square mile (7,700 per square kilometer) after the urbanized territory for N’Djamena is included.
From a country-wide perspective, Chad’s population density drops dramatically to 24 inhabitants per square mile (9 per square kilometer).
Chad separated from France’s control on August 11, 1960. Residents celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each August 11.