Niamey is the capital city of Niger, a landlocked country in Western Africa sharing its southern border with Nigeria. Among the world’s hottest cities throughout the year, Niamey’s monthly average high temperatures range between 90 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit (30 to 38 degrees Celsius). Another climate-related challenge is the city’s prolonged dry season that typically lasts from November through February.
Mercer’s 2016 Cost of Living rankings benchmark how much a new resident in a city has to pay for products compared to New York using the US dollar as the base currency. For 2016, Niamey ranks as the 149th costliest city for newly relocated citizens, up 6 places from 2015 when Mercer recognized Niamey as the world’s 155th most expensive city.
Niger exported an estimated US$927.2 million worth of goods around the globe in 2016. Niger’s highest-value exports are uranium, oil, gold, cars, palm oil, rice and sugar according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Niamey, Niger: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: National Museum of Niger, Grand Mosque of Niamey and the Grand Marché
Demonym for a Niger resident: Nigerien
Population: 774,235 (Niamey city)
Density: 15,485 people per square mile (5,979 per square kilometer)
Population: 1,435,000 (Niamey Urban Community)
Density: 15,532 people per square mile (5,997 per square kilometer)
Population: 18,638,600 (Niger)
Density: 38 people per square mile (15 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$19.1 billion in 2015 (for Niger, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $1,100
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Niamey were unavailable.
Official currency used in Niamey: West African CFA franc
Atlas & Boots, The World’s Most Expensive Cities for Expats 2016. Accessed on February 17, 2017
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on December 14, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Africa: Niger . Accessed on February 17, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on December 14, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on December 14, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on December 14, 2016
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 17, 2017
Mercer, 2016 Cost of Living Rankings. Accessed on February 17, 2017
Official Government Website, Niger State Government. Accessed on December 14, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on December 14, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Niamey. Accessed on December 14, 2016
Wikipedia, Capital Districts and Territories. Accessed on December 14, 2016
Wikipedia, Niger. Accessed on February 17, 2017
World Population Review, Niger Population 2016. Accessed on December 14, 2016
Niamey city limits contain an area measuring 50 square miles (129 square kilometers) in which there were an estimated 774,235 inhabitants during 2016.
The Niamey Urban Community extend the core city into surrounding areas for a total 92.4 square miles (239.3 square kilometers), and serves as home to approximately 1.4 million people.
At the country level, Niger’s land area covers 489,075 square miles (1,266,700 square kilometers). The national population count was 18.6 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is high throughout for Niamey and its surrounding urban areas, with an average 15,500 Nigeriens per square mile (6,000 per square kilometer) both within Niger’s capital city and its built-up urbanized neighborhoods.
For Niger overall, population density drops to an average 38 inhabitants per square mile (15 per square kilometer).
Residents of Niger celebrate Republic Day as a public holiday each December 18.