Nicosia serves not only as the capital for the Republic of Cyprus but is also the world’s only divided capital city, partitioned by a United Nations-created “Green Line” into a northern Turkish section and a southern Greek section. The northern part of Nicosia is the capital of Northern Cyprus, a de facto state that the international community considers to be occupied Cypriot territory.
An island country located to the east of the Mediterranean Sea, Cyprus joined the European Union on May 1, 2004.
In addition to legislative and administrative functions, Nicosia serves as Cyprus’ financial center and main international trade hub.
Exports from Cyprus totaled US$1.9 billion in 2016. Highest-value Cypriot shipments include processed petroleum, medicines, large aircraft, cheese, mobile phones, cement and cigars according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Nicosia, Cyprus: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Archbishop’s Palace, Venetian Walls, Cyprus Museum, Neo GSP Stadium, Makario Stadium and the Nicosia Municipal Art Centre
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Nicosia, Cyprus:
- Buray, pop singer (born Jun. 15, 1985)
- Michael Bisping, MMA fighter (born Feb. 28, 1979)
- Angie Bowie, model & actress (born Sep. 25, 1949)
- Hussein Chalayan, fashion designer (born Aug. 12, 1970)
- Melinda McGraw, actress (born Oct. 25, 1963)
- Constantinos Charalambidis, soccer player/footballer (born Jul. 25, 1981)
- Irakli Bolkvadze, Olympic swimmer (born Dec. 12, 1994)
- Marios Antoniades, soccer player/footballer (born May 14, 1990)
- Lawrence Macrides, rugby player (born Jul. 24, 1970)
- Hazar Ergüçlü, actress (born Jan. 1, 1992)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a resident of Nicosia: Nicosian
Population: 300,000 (Nicosia)
Density: 6,383 people per square mile (2,464 per square kilometer)
Population: 1,205,575 (Cyprus)
Density: 338 people per square mile (130 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$29.26 billion in 2016 (for Cyprus, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $34,400
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Nicosia were unavailable.
Official currency used in Nicosia: euro
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on January 17, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on January 17, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on August 2, 2017
KidzSearch encyclopedia for kids, Wiki: Nicosia. Accessed on January 17, 2017
Official Government Website, Nicosia Municipality. Accessed on January 17, 2017
The World Factbook, Europe: Cyprus, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on January 17, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on January 17, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Nicosia. Accessed on January 17, 2017
Wikipedia, Cyprus. Accessed on January 17, 2017
Including municipal city limits plus nearby communities, Nicosia’s built-up urban land area measures 47 square miles (122 square kilometers) with an estimated population of 300,000 residents in 2015.
The population count for Cyprus was 1.2 million people at July 2016 living over a national land area equal to 3,568 square miles (9,241 square kilometers).
Population density is higher within Nicosia with an average 6,400 Nicosians per square mile (2,500 per square kilometer).
At the island country level, population density drops to an average 338 people per square mile (130 per square kilometer) for Cyprus overall.
Excluding Turkish Cypriots who celebrate November 15 as Republic Day, Cyprus considers October 1 as its Independence Day.