A primary port located on a protected deep-water harbor, Nouméa is New Caledonia’s capital city. New Caledonia is an overseas territory belonging to France located in the southwest Pacific Ocean much closer to Australia than France.
New Caledonia exported an estimated US$1.4 billion worth of products around the globe in 2016. Highest-value New Caledonian exports are ferro-nickel, nickel ores and frozen shrimps according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Nouméa, New Caledonia: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Amedee Lighthouse Island, Aquarium des Lagons Nouvelle Caledonie, Tjibaou Cultural Center, Military Museum of New Caledonia and Anse Vata Beach
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Nouméa, New Caledonia:
- Laurent Gané, Olympic cycling gold medalist (born Mar. 7, 1973)
- Robert Chef d’Hôtel, Olympic running silver medalist (born Feb. 2, 1922)
- Élodie Rogge-Dietrich, tennis player (born Sep. 3, 1983)
- Jean-Paul Lakafia, Olympic javelin thrower (born Jun. 29, 1961)
- Robert Sassone, Olympic cyclist (born Nov. 23, 1978)
- Lara Grangeon, Olympic swimmer (born Sep. 21, 1991)
- Paul Poaniéwa, Olympic high jumper (born Nov. 8, 1953)
- Alain Lazare, Olympic marathoner (born Mar. 23, 1952)
- Mayka Zima, tennis player (born Apr. 11, 1992)
- Sébastien Vahaamahina, rugby player (born Oct. 21, 1991)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a resident of New Caledonia: New Caledonian
Population: 179,509 (Nouméa)
Density: 10,182 people per square mile (3,931 per square kilometer)
Population: 275,355 (New Caledonia)
Density: 39 people per square mile (15 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$11.1 billion in 2014 (for New Caledonia, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $38,800
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Nouméa were unavailable.
Official currency used in Nouméa: CFP franc
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on January 19, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on January 19, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on August 2, 2017
Official Government Website, Government of New Caledonia. Accessed on January 19, 2017
The World Factbook, Australia-Oceania: New Caledonia, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on January 19, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on January 19, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Nouméa. Accessed on January 19, 2017
Wikipedia, New Caledonia. Accessed on January 19, 2017
Including municipal city limits plus nearby communities, Nouméa’s built-up urban land area measures 17.6 square miles (45.7 square kilometers) with an estimated population of 179,509 residents in 2015.
New Caledonia’s land territory equals 7,056 square miles (18,275 square kilometers. Its national population was 275,355 New Caledonians as of July 2016.
Population density is much more concentrated within New Caledonia’s capital city Nouméa with an average 10,200 residents per square mile (3,900 per square kilometer).
For New Caledonia overall, population density drops significantly to an average 39 people per square mile (15 per square kilometer).
Residents celebrate New Caledonia Day each September 24.