Port-au-Prince is the capital city for the Republic of Haiti in the West Indies.
Mercer’s 2016 Quality of Living Survey puts Port-au-Prince in 227th place–way down the list for quality of living. The annual survey compares 230 cities from around the globe based on 39 factors including political, economic, environmental, personal safety, health, education, transportation and other public service factors. New York City is used as the benchmark for all comparisons.
Port-au-Prince also ranked among the cities with the lowest levels of personal safety, placing number 211.
Lingering effects from natural disasters may partially explain Port-au-Prince’s poor showing. Haiti’s capital city was devastated by an earthquake on January 12, 2010 which destroyed the parliament and Supreme Court buildings, several ministerial buildings and at least one hospital. Port-au-Prince’s seaport and airport were also damaged. Just two years before, Haiti had endured severe losses caused by hurricanes Fay, Gustav, Hanna and Ike.
Haiti exported an estimated US$1.1 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. Highest-value Haitian exports include clothing, essential oils, guavas, mangoes and cocoa beans according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Port-au-Prince, Haiti: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Iron Market (Marche de Fer), Notre Dame Cathedral Ruins, Champs de Mars Square and Sainte Anne Church
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Port-Au-Prince, Haiti:
- Olden Polynice, NBA basketball player (born Nov. 21, 1964)
- Michel Martelly, former president (born Feb. 12, 1961)
- Adonis Stevenson, professional boxer (born Sep. 22, 1977)
- Michaelle Jean, former governor general (born Sep. 6, 1957)
- Samuel Dalembert, NBA basketball player (born May 10, 1981)
- Jean Pascal, professional boxer (born Oct. 28, 1982)
- Edwidge Danticat, award-winning author (born Jan. 19, 1969)
- Sarodj Bertin, Miss Universe contestant (born Apr. 11, 1986)
- Numa Perrier, filmmaker & actress (born Dec. 14, 1979)
- Skal Labissiere, basketball player (born Mar. 18, 1996)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Port-au-Prince resident: Port-au-Princien (male), Port-au-Princienne (female)
Population: 987,310 (Port-au-Prince city)
Density: 70,927 people per square mile (27,385 per square kilometer)
Population: 2,700,000 (Port-au-Prince built-up urban area)
Density: 26,214 people per square mile (10,121 per square kilometer)
Population: 10,485,800 (Haiti)
Density: 985 people per square mile (380 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$18.75 billion in 2015 (for Haiti, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $1,800
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Port-au-Prince were unavailable.
Official currency used in Port-au-Prince: Haitian gourde
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on December 1, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Central America & Caribbean: Haiti. Accessed on February 16, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on December 1, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on December 1, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on December 1, 2016
Mercer, Western European Cities Top Quality Of Living Ranking ‒ Mercer . Accessed on February 16, 2017
Official Government Website, Port-au-Prince, Haiti (Embassy of the United States). Accessed on December 1, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on December 1, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Haiti. Accessed on February 16, 2017
Wikipedia, List of metropolitan areas in the West Indies. Accessed on December 1, 2016
Wikipedia, Mercer Quality of Living Survey. Accessed on February 16, 2017
Wikipedia, Port-au-Prince. Accessed on December 1, 2016
City limits for the Haitian capital contain an area measuring 14 square miles (36 square kilometers) within which there were 987,310 inhabitants in 2015.
Port-au-Prince’s metropolitan area also includes Delmas, Cite Soleil, Tabarre, Carrefour and Pétionville. This extended built-up urban area plus the city core encompasses 103 square miles (267 square kilometres), a total area that serves as home to an estimated 2.7 million people.
At the country level, Haiti’s land area covers 10,641 square miles (27,560 square kilometers). The national population count was 10.5 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is much higher within Haiti’s capital city with an average 71,000 Haitians per square mile (27,400 per square kilometer).
For Port-au-Prince’s built-up urbanized metropolitan area, density diminishes to an average 26,200 people per square mile (10,100 per square kilometer).
For Haiti overall, population density drops to an average 985 inhabitants per square mile (380 per square kilometer).
Haiti broke free from France’s rule on January 1, 1804. Haitians celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each January 1.