Featured in the Guinness book of records for having the world’s largest castle, Prague is the capital city of the Czech Republic. Czechia is the approved short name for the landlocked nation in Central Europe.
Mercer’s 2016 Quality of Living Survey for cities ranks Prague in 69th place–highest overall ranking for quality of life among all Central and Eastern European cities. The annual survey compares 230 cities from around the globe based on 39 factors including political, economic, environmental, personal safety, health, education, transportation and other public service factors. New York City is used as the benchmark for all comparisons.
Czech Republic exported an estimated US$161.2 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. The highest value Czechian exports include motor cars, automotive parts and accessories, computers and telephone sets including smartphones according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Prague: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, St. Vitus Cathedral, Old Town Hall and Astronomical Clock, Municipal House Hall and Lobkowicz Palace
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Prague, Czech Republic:
- Martina Navratilova, professional tennis player (born Oct. 18, 1956)
- Tomas Rosicky, soccer player/footballer (born Oct. 4, 1980)
- David Černý, sculptor (born Dec. 15, 1967)
- David Svoboda, Olympic gold pentathlete (born Mar. 19, 1985)
- Tomas Hertl, professional hockey player (born Nov. 12, 1993)
- Alena Seredova, model (born Mar. 21, 1978)
- Tomas Kalnoky, guitarist (born Dec. 24, 1980)
- Denisa Dvorakova, model (born May 28, 1989)
- David Nykl, actor (born Feb. 7, 1967)
- Agata Hanychova, actress & beauty pageant contestant (born Apr. 28, 1985)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Prague resident: Praguer
Population: 1,380,000 (Prague)
Density: 12,000 people per square mile (4,633 per square kilometer)
Population: 10,644,842 (Czech Republic)
Density: 350 people per square mile (135 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$89.2 billion in 2014 (Prague)
GDP per person: $46,947
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Prague: Czech koruna
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on February 24, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Europe: Czechia. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on February 24, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on February 24, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on August 2, 2017
Mercer, Western European Cities Top Quality Of Living Ranking ‒ Mercer . Accessed on February 24, 2017
Official Government Website, Portal of Prague. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Czech Republic. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Wikipedia, Mercer Quality of Living Survey. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Wikipedia, Prague. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Including built-up urban areas surrounding its city core, Prague covers a total 115 square miles (298 square kilometers) in which there were an estimated 1.4 million inhabitants in 2015.
On a country-level, the Czech Republic has a land area measuring 30,450 square miles (78,865 square kilometers) serving as home to approximately 10.6 million people.
Population density is higher within Czech Republic’s capital city with an average 12,000 Praguers per square mile (4,600 per square kilometer).
On a national-level, people density drop significantly to an average 350 people per square mile (135 per square kilometer) for the Czech Republic as a whole.
Czechians celebrate Czechoslovak Founding Day each October 28 as their Independence Day. This public holiday pays tribute to October 28, 1918 when the former Czechoslovakia declared independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire.