Quito is the capital city for the Republic of Ecuador. Elevated 9,350 feet (2,850 meters) above sea level, Quito is both the world’s highest national capital and the country capital closest to the equator.
Ecuador ranks among the 80 top export nations, shipping an estimated US$16.8 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. The highest value Ecuadorian exports include petroleum oils, bananas, fish, cut flowers, cocoa beans and gold according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Quito, Ecuador: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Iglesia de La Compania de Jesus, Palacio de Gobierno, Basilica and Plaza de San Francisco
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Quito, Ecuador:
- Sebastián Cordero, film director & screenwriter (born May 23, 1972)
- Diego Serrano, actor (born Feb. 5, 1973)
- Constanza Baez, model & Miss Universe contestant (born Jan. 4, 1991)
- Steve Saint, entrepreneur, pilot & author (born Jan. 30, 1951)
- Cristhian Criollo, Live.me broadcaster (born Apr. 29, 1995)
- Gabriela Villalba, actress & singer (born Sep. 20, 1984)
- Bratt Murgueitio, social media star (born Apr. 3, 1985)
- Liliana Castro, actress (born Jun. 29, 1979)
- Simon Brauer, cinematographer (born Jun. 22, 1973)
- Oswaldo Guayasamin, artist (born Jul. 6, 1919)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Quito resident: Quiteño (male), Quiteña (female)
Population: 2,365,000 (Quito city)
Density: 11,425 people per square mile (4,411 per square kilometer)
Population: 3,000,000 (Metropolitan District of Quito)
Density: 1,848 people per square mile (714 per square kilometer)
Population: 16,080,778 (Ecuador)
Density: 150 people per square mile (58 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$182.4 billion as of October 2016 (for Ecuador, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $11,343
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Quito were unavailable.
Official currency used in Quito: U.S. dollar (since year 2000)
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on February 26, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, South America: Ecuador. Accessed on February 26, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on July 24, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Official Government Website, Quito. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Uruguay. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Wikipedia, Quito. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Wikipedia, Quito Canton. Accessed on July 24, 2017
Quito city and its built-up urban area total 207 square miles (536 square kilometers). An estimated 2.4 million residents populate Quito’s immediate urbanized environment.
Quito is also the capital for the province of Pichincha located in Ecuador’s northern sierra region, and serves as the seat of the Metropolitan District of Quito (also known as Quito Canyon). Quito Canyon is home to approximately three million inhabitants living in an area of 1,623 square miles (4,204 square kilometers).
At the country level, Ecuador had a population count of 16.1 million inhabitants living over a land territory of 106,889 square miles (276,841 square kilometers) as of July 2016.
Population density is much higher within Ecuador’s capital city with an average 11,400 residents per square mile (4,400 per square kilometer).
Over the vast Metropolitan District of Quito (Quito Canyon), density drops to an average 1,800 people per square mile (700 per square kilometer).
For Ecuador overall, population density further dilutes to an average 150 inhabitants per square mile (58 per square kilometer).
Quito won its freedom from Spain on August 10, 1809. Residents celebrate Independence Day each August 10.