A magnet for religious pilgrimages throughout the ages, Rome is the capital city for the Italian Republic.
Euromonitor International ranks Rome as the world’s 13th most tourist-visited city in 2015, and in third place for Europe behind only London and Paris for the number of international tourist arrivals.
Italy was among the world’s 10 top exporters in 2016, shipping US$461.5 billion worth of goods around the globe. Italy’s highest-value exports include medicines, processed petroleum oils, jewelry, automotive parts and accessories, vehicles, wine, handbags and footwear according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Rome, Italy: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: The Roman Colosseum, Pantheon, Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore and Roman Forum
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Rome, Italy:
- Sophia Loren, actress (born Sept. 20, 1934)
- Antonio Sabato, Jr., actor & model (born Feb. 29, 1972)
- Virginia Raggi, lawyer, politician & Rome’s mayor (born Jul. 18, 1978)
- Mariacarla Boscono, supermodel (born Sept. 20, 1980)
- Paolo Pellegrin, photojournalist (born Mar. 11, 1964)
- Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg, violinist & author (born Jan. 10, 1961)
- Isabella Rossellini, actress, author & filmmaker (born Jun. 18, 1952)
- Joel McHale, actor & comedian (born Nov. 20, 1971)
- Michael Collins, astronaut (born Oct. 31, 1930)
- Giada De Laurentiis, chef & TV personality (born Aug. 22, 1970)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches of published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Rome resident: Roman, Romano (male), Romana (female)
Population: 2,869,461 (Rome city)
Density: 5,784 people per square mile (2,233 per square kilometer)
Population: 4,321,244 (Metropolitan City of Rome)
Density: 3,623 people per square mile (1,399 per square kilometer)
Population: 62,007,540 (Italy)
Density: 546 people per square mile (211 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$163.2 billion in 2014 (Rome city)
GDP per person: $38,025
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Rome: euros
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 27, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Europe: Italy. Accessed on February 3, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 27, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Euromonitor International, Top 100 City Destinations Rankings 2017. Accessed on February 3, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 3, 2017
Official Government Website, Roma . Accessed on November 27, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Italy. Accessed on February 3, 2017
Wikipedia, Metropolitan City of Rome Capital. Accessed on November 27, 2016
Wikipedia, Rome. Accessed on November 27, 2016
About 2.9 million residents lived within Rome’s city limits in 2014, over an area of 496.1 square miles (1,285 square kilometers).
The city of Rome is also capital of Lazio, one of Italy’s 20 administrative regions. Rome contains Vatican City, an independent country found within Rome’s city boundaries. This makes Rome unique in its ability to claim the world’s only country within a city.
Beyond Rome’s municipal boundaries, the Metropolitan City of Rome is home to 4.3 million people. The metropolitan land area extends over 1,193 square miles (3,089 square kilometers).
At the country level, Italy’s land area covers 113,568 square miles (294,140 square kilometers). The national population count was 62 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is higher within Italy’s capital city with an average 5,800 Romans per square mile (2,200 per square kilometer).
Throughout the Metropolitan City of Rome, which contains more than twice the land area inside Rome city limits, density diminishes to an average 3,600 people per square mile (1,400 per square kilometer).
For Italy overall, population density drops to an average 550 inhabitants per square mile (200 per square kilometer).
Italians celebrate Republic Day as a public holiday each June 2.