The nation’s cultural, political and financial center, Santiago is the capital city of Chile.
Santiago is the site of two world records involving fruits. In 1984 the company Bozzolo Y Perut Ltda grew a bunch of grapes weighing almost 21 pounds (9.4 kilograms). Six years later in 2000 Santiago resident Luis H. Carrasco E. grafted a prune tree with four other fruits (apricot, cherry, nectarine and peach) setting a world record for the highest number of different fruits produced from the same tree.
Chile shipped US$59.9 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. Chile’s highest-value exports are copper, chemical wood pulp, fish, wine, fresh or dried grapes, sawn or chipped wood and gold according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Santiago, Chile: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Metropolitan Cathedral (Catedral Metropolitana), Santuario de la Inmaculada Concepcion (religious statue) and La Moneda Palace
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Santiago, Chile:
- Nicole ‘Snooki’ Polizzi, reality TV star & writer (born Nov. 23, 1987)
- Michelle Bachelet, former president (born Sep. 29, 1951)
- Cote de Pablo, actress (born Nov. 12, 1979)
- Ricardo Lagos, former president & business leader (born Mar. 2, 1938)
- Pedro Pascal, actor (born Apr. 2, 1975)
- Alberto Fuguet, journalist & director (born Mar. 7, 1964)
- Alejandro Aravena, architect (born Jun. 22, 1967)
- Denise Rosenthal, actress, singer-songwriter & model (born Nov. 8, 1990 )
- Samy Benmayor, painter (born Jan. 24, 1956)
- Simona Castro, gymnast (born Jan. 11, 1989)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Santiago resident: santiaguinos (male) and santiaguinas (female)
Population: 6,158,080 (Santiago city)
Density: 24,871 people per square mile (9,603 per square kilometer)
Population: 7,200,000 (Santiago Metropolitan Region)
Density: 9,185 people per square mile (3,546 per square kilometer)
Population: 17,650,114 (Chile)
Density: 61 people per square mile (24 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$171.4 billion in 2014 (Santiago Metropolitan Region)
GDP per person:$23,929
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Santiago: Chilean peso
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 22, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 22, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, South America: Chile. Accessed on February 1, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 22, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 22, 2016
Guinness World Records, Largest bunch of grapes. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Guinness World Records, Tree with most different fruit. Accessed on February 1, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Official Government Website, Gobierno Regional Metropolitano de Santiago. Accessed on November 22, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 22, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Chile. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Wikipedia, Santiago. Accessed on November 22, 2016
Wikipedia, Santiago Metropolitan Region. Accessed on November 22, 2016
Wikipedia, Santiago Province, Chile. Accessed on November 22, 2016
World Population Review, Santiago Population 2016. Accessed on November 22, 2016
Nicknamed the City of the Island Hills, Santiago has a population of 6.2 million residents living within 248 square miles (641 square kilometers).
Santiago Metropolitan Region is an administrative division that encompasses not only Chile’s capital city, but also most of the country’s commercial and administrative hubs as well as Arturo Merino Benítez international airport. The metropolitan region has 7.2 million people over an area of 784 square miles (2,030 square kilometers).
At the country level, Chile’s land area covers 287,187 square miles (743,812 square kilometers). The national population count was 17.7 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is much greater within Chile’s landlocked and comparatively high-altitude capital city with an average 24,900 santiaguinos and santiaguinas per square mile (9,600 per square kilometer).
This density dilutes to an average 9,200 people per square mile (3,500 per square kilometer) for the Santiago Metropolitan Region.
For Chile overall, population density drops to an average 61 inhabitants per square mile (24 per square kilometer).
Chile gained its independence from Spain on September 18, 1810. Chileans celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each September 18.