Its nation’s largest town, São Tomé serves as the capital city for the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe. Africa’s tiniest Portuguese-speaking island country, São Tomé and Príncipe is located in the Gulf of Guinea near Central Africa’s western equatorial coast.
São Tomé and Príncipe exported US$10.4 million worth of goods around the globe in 2016.
The country’s highest-value exports are cocoa beans, chocolate food preparations and desiccated coconuts according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for São Tomé: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Presidential Palace, São Tomé International Airport and the São Sebastião Museum
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Sao Tome, Sao Tome and Principe:
- Nuno Santo, Olympic soccer/football player for Portugal (born Jan. 25, 1974)
- Fradique de Menezes, former president (born Mar. 21, 1942)
- Faduley, soccer player/footballer (born Mar. 10, 1992)
- Miguel Trovoada, former president (born Dec. 27, 1936)
- Jair Nunes, soccer player/footballer (born Sep. 15, 1994)
- Harramiz, soccer player/footballer (born Aug. 3, 1990)
- Lasset dos Santos (aka Lasset Costa), soccer player/footballer (born Aug. 27, 1986)
- José da Silva, soccer player/footballer (born Dec. 22, 1991)
- Joazhifel Soares, soccer player/footballer (born Jan. 19, 1991)
- Gilson Costa, soccer player/footballer (born Sep. 24, 1996)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a resident of São Tomé: São Toméan
Population: 71,000 (São Tomé)
Density: 10,597 people per square mile (4,092 per square kilometer)
Population: 197,541 (São Tomé and Príncipe)
Density: 531 people per square mile (205 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$694 million in 2016 (for São Tomé and Príncipe, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $3,300
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for São Tomé were unavailable.
Official currency used in São Tomé: Dobra
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Africa: Sao Tome and Príncipe. Accessed on March 3, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on March 3, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on August 2, 2017
Government Website, National Assembly of São Tomé and Príncipe. Accessed on March 3, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on March 3, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, São Tomé. Accessed on March 3, 2017
Wikipedia, São Tomé and Príncipe. Accessed on March 3, 2017
As a capital city, São Tomé’s land area measures 7 square miles (17 square kilometers) with an estimated population of 71,000 in 2014.
At the country level, São Tomé and Príncipe’s land area covers 372 square miles (964 square kilometers). The national population count was 197,541 inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is higher within the capital city São Tomé with an average 10,600 residents per square mile (4,100 per square kilometer).
For São Tomé and Príncipe overall, national population density drops significantly to an average 531 people per square mile (205 per square kilometer).
São Tomé and Príncipe won its independence from Portugal on July 12, 1975. São Toméans celebrate Independence Day as a national holiday each July 12.