Often associated with hosting the 1984 Winter Olympics, Sarajevo is the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
More recently, the Guinness World Book of Records recognized Sarajevo for achieving the longest single line of moving bicycles comprised of 984 participants on June 14, 2015 during Sarajevo’s Grand Prix. The purpose of the event, organized by the Cyclist Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, was to promote reunification and peace. Sarajevo has a bloody history, having endured the longest siege of a city in the history of modern warfare for 1,425 days ending on February 29, 1992.
Sarjevo has established itself as its country’s economic engine, benefiting from its growing tourism and manufacturing sectors. Sarajevo is also a center for international trade.
Exports from Bosnia and Herzegovina totaled US$5.3 billion in 2016. Highest-value Bosnian and Herzegovinan include furniture, aluminum, timber and footwear.
Capital Facts for Sarajevo: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Sarajevo War Tunnel, Sarjevo Olympic Bobsleigh and Luge Track, Serbian Orthodox Cathedral, Avaz Twist Tower, Sarajevo City Hall and the Gazi Husrev-beg Mosque
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina:
- Emir Kusturica, award-winning director & screenwriter (born Nov. 24, 1954 )
- Branko Crvenkovski, former Macedonia president (born Oct. 12, 1962)
- Mila Mulroney, spouse of former Canadian prime minister (born Jul. 13, 1953)
- Nele Karajlić, singer & actor (born Dec. 11, 1962)
- Predrag Danilović, professional basketball player (born Feb. 26, 1970)
- Edin Džeko, soccer player/footballer (born Mar. 17, 1986)
- Maya Berović, pop singer (born Jul. 8, 1987)
- Robert Rothbart, professional basketball player (born Jun. 16, 1986)
- Maya Kulenovic, painter (born Mar. 1, 1975)
- Zdravko Čolić, pop singer known as Serbia’s ‘Tom Jones’ (born May 30, 1951)
- Elvir Baljić, soccer/football manager & former player (born Jul. 8, 1974)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a resident of Sarajevo: Sarajevan
Population: 415,000 (Sarajevo built-up urban area)
Density: 9,022 people per square mile (3,483 per square kilometer)
Population: 3,861,912 (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Density: 195 people per square mile (75 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$42.53 billion in 2016 (for Bosnia and Herzegovina, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $11,000
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Sarajevo were unavailable.
Official currency used in Sarajevo: Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on January 16, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on January 16, 2017
Guinness World Records, Longest single line of moving bicycles. Accessed on January 16, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on August 1, 2017
Official Government Website, Meet Sarajevo. Accessed on January 16, 2017
The World Factbook, Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on January 16, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on January 16, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Sarajevo. Accessed on January 16, 2017
Wikipedia, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Accessed on January 16, 2017
Including municipal city limits plus nearby communities, Sarajevo’s built-up urban land area measures 46 square miles (119 square kilometers) with an estimated population of 415,000 Sarajevans in 2015.
At the country level, Bosnia and Herzegovina had a population of about 3.9 million residents as of July 2016. The nation’s land area is 19,763 square miles (51,187 square kilometers).
Population density is much more concentrated within capital city Sarajevo with an average 9,000 Sarajevans per square mile (3,500 per square kilometer).
Within national borders, population density drops significantly to an average 195 people per square mile (75 per square kilometer) for Bosnia and Herzegovina overall.
Bosnia and Herzegovina declared its independence from Yugoslavia on March 1, 1992. Bosnian Independence Day is celebrated each March 1 as a national holiday.