Ranked number 18 in the world among cities demonstrating the strongest economic clout by PwC’s 2016 Cities of Opportunity Index, Seoul is the capital city for the Republic of Korea (also called South Korea).
Seoul’s economic strength is bolstered by the fact that 25 of the Fortune Global 500 companies have their headquarters located in the capital including automakers Hyundai Motor and Kia Motors, metals firm POSCO, LG Electronics and Hanwa Financials.
South Korea exported US$573.7 billion worth of goods around the globe during 2017. Highest-value Korean exports are electronic integrated circuits, automobiles, processed petroleum oils and mobile phones according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Seoul, South Korea: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Gyeongbokgung Palace, Bongeunsa Temple, Tower Palace, Lotte World Tower and the World Trade Center Seoul
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Seoul, South Korea
- CL, singer-songwriter & rapper (born Feb. 26, 1991)
- Oh Se-hun, singer, actor & model (born Apr. 12, 1994)
- Yong Jun-hyung, singer-songwriter, rapper & producer (born Dec. 19, 1989)
- Bae Yong Jun, actor (born Aug. 29, 1972)
- Suho, singer, actor & model (born May 22, 1991)
- Kim Jae-wook, actor & model (born Apr. 2, 1983)
- Park Chanyeol, singer-songwriter, rapper & actor (born Nov. 27, 1992)
- Park Bom, singer (born Mar. 24, 1984)
- Eugene, singer, actress & host (born Mar. 3, 1981)
- Ban Ki-moon, former UN secretary-general (born Jun. 13, 1944)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches of published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Seoul resident: Seoulite
Population: 9,971,111 (Seoul Special City)
Density: 42,672 people per square mile (16,476 per square kilometer)
Population: 23,575,000 (Seoul-Incheon metropolitan area)
Density: 23,575 people per square mile (9,102 per square kilometer)
Population: 50,924,172 (South Korea)
Density: 1,361 people per square mile (525 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$845.9 billion in 2014 (Seoul-Incheon)
GDP per person: $34,355
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Seoul: Korean Republic Won
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 15, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 15, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Fortune, 2015 Global 500. Accessed on January 23, 2017
Official Government Website, Seoul Metropolitan Government. Accessed on November 15, 2016
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on January 23, 2017
PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), 2016 Cities of Opportunity Report. Accessed on January 23, 2017
The World Factbook, East & Southeast Asia: Korea, South, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on January 23, 2017
The World Factbook, Field Listing: World, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Seoul. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Wikipedia, Seoul Capital Area. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Wikipedia, South Korea. Accessed on January 23, 2017
Wikipedia, Capital Districts and Territories. Accessed on November 15, 2016
Seoul Special City has a land area of 234 square miles (605 square kilometers). The capital’s estimated population was 10 million residents in 2016.
During 2015, the Seoul-Incheon metropolitan area had a population of 25.6 million people living over a more extensive land area measuring 23,575 square miles (9,102 square kilometers).
At the country level, South Korean land territory covers 37,421 square miles (96,920 square kilometers). The national population was 50.9 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
South Korea won its independence from Japan on August 15, 1945. South Koreans celebrate Liberation Day each August 15 as a national public holiday.
Population density in Seoul special city is more concentrated at about 42,700 residents per square mile (16,500 per square kilometer).
Density within the larger Seoul-Incheon metropolitan area averages 23,600 residents per square mile (9,100 per square kilometer).
For South Korea overall, population density drops significantly to an average 1,361 Koreans per square mile (525 per square kilometer).