Officially called Taipei City, Taipei is the capital city of Taiwan–a special municipality in the Republic of China (a municipality often considered a country colloquially known as Taiwan).
Taipei was the location for a Guinness World Record on September 15, 2012 when Jean Dah Enterprises Co. Ltd. (Taiwan) created the world’s largest handbag measuring 17 feet (5.2 meters) high, 22.5 feet (6.88 meters) long by 8.5 feet (2.6 meters) deep. The record-setting handbag was made from polyester as a scale replica.
Taiwan exported US$280.5 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. Highest-value Taiwanese exports are electronic integrated circuits, processed petroleum oils, computer parts and accessories, liquid crystal devices, phone system devices including smartphones and bicycles according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Taipei, Taiwan: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Taipei 101 skyscraper, Chiang Kai Shek Memorial Hall and National Palace Museum
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Taipei, Taiwan:
- Ang Lee, director & producer (born Oct. 23, 1954)
- Steve Chen, YouTube co-founder (born Aug. 18, 1978)
- Jason Wu, fashion designer (born Sep. 27, 1982 )
- Ariel Lin, actress (born Oct. 29, 1982)
- Elaine L. Chao, former U.S. secretary of labor (born Mar. 26, 1953)
- Fei Xiang, pop singer (born Dec. 24, 1960)
- Jerry Yang, Yahoo! search founder & billionaire (born Nov. 6, 1968)
- Calvin Chen, actor & pop singer (born Nov. 10, 1980)
- Ray Chen, master violinist (born Mar. 6, 1989)
- Chang Chen, actor (born Oct. 14, 1976)
- Katie Johnson, model (born Apr. 3, 1986)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Taipeiresident: Taipeier
Population: 2,704,974 (Taipei City)
Density: 25,776 people per square mile (9,952 per square kilometer)
Population: 7,044,680 (Greater Taipei area)
Density: 8,055 people per square mile (3,110 per square kilometer)
Population: 23,464,787 (Taiwan)
Density: 1,884 people per square mile (727 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$327.3 billion in 2014 (Greater Taipei area)
GDP per person: $46,102
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Taipei: New Taiwan dollar
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 21, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, East & Southeast Asia: Taiwan. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 21, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Guinness World Records, Largest handbag. Accessed on February 1, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on July 31, 2017
Official Government Website, Taipei City Government. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Capital Districts and Territories. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Wikipedia, Special municipality (Taiwan). Accessed on November 21, 2016
Wikipedia, Taipei. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Wikipedia, Taipei-Keelung metropolitan area. Accessed on November 21, 2016
Wikipedia, Taiwan. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Taipei City is home to 2.7 million people living within an area of 105 square miles (272 square kilometers).
The Greater Taipei area is also called the Taipei-Keelung metropolitan area, a land space containing 875 square miles (2,457 square kilometers) and in which there are 7 million people.
At the country level, Taiwan’s land area covers 12,456 square miles (32,260 square kilometers). The national population count was 23.5 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is much higher within Taipei City featuring an average 25,800 Taipeiers per square mile (10,000 per square kilometer).
Urban density diminishes to an average 8,100 inhabitants per square mile (3,100 per square kilometer) over Taipei’s expanding Greater Taipei region.
For Taiwan overall, population density drops to an average 1,900 inhabitants per square mile (730 per square kilometer).
On the anniversary of the Chinese Revolution, Taiwan celebrates Republic Day as a public holiday each October 10.