Elevated 1,444 feet (440.1 meters) above sea level at the intersection of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, Tbilisi is the capital city of Georgia.
The Eurasian nation is rich in archeological remnants, including a site where 8,000 year-old wine jars were uncovered which provides the earliest evidence of wine drinking.
Tbilisi was formerly called Tiflis under the old Soviet Union regime.
Georgia exported US$2.1 billion worth of products around the globe in 2016. Highest-value Georgian exports are copper, miscellaneous nuts, ferro-alloys, automobiles, wine, medicines and gold according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Tbilisi, Georgia: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Georgian National Museum, Tsminda Sameba Cathedral, Metekhi Cathedral, Anchiskhati Basilica, Narikala fortress, Parliament of Georgia and the Dancing Fountains
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Tbilisi, Georgia:
- Nina Ananiashvili, ballerina & artistic director (born Mar. 19, 1963)
- Mikheil Saakashvili, former governor & president (born Dec. 21, 1967)
- Géla Babluani, film director & writer (born Nov. 30, 1978)
- Zaza Pachulia, professional basketball player (born Feb. 10, 1984)
- Sergei Parajanov, award-winning filmmaker & director (born Jan. 9, 1924)
- Dato Bakhtadze, actor (born May 20, 1966)
- Elena Satine, actress (born Nov. 24, 1987)
- Teymuraz Gabashvili, professional tennis player (born May 23, 1985)
- Givi Gachechiladze, composer & conductor (born Nov. 5, 1938)
- Tigran Petrosian, world champion chess player (born Jun. 17, 1929)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Tbilisi resident: Tbilisian, Tbilisite
Population: 1,147,000 (Tbilisi city)
Density: 12,074 people per square mile (4,662 per square kilometer)
Population: 1,485,293 (Tbilisi metropolitan area)
Density: 280 people per square mile (725 per square kilometer)
Population: 4,928,052 (Georgia)
Density: 26,911 people per square mile (69,700 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$35.6 billion in 2015 (for Georgia, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $9,600
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Tbilisi were unavailable.
Official currency used in Tbilisi: Georgian lari
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on January 3, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Middle East: Georgia. Accessed on February 13, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on January 3, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on January 3, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on August 1, 2017
Official Government Website, Tbilisi City Hall. Accessed on January 3, 2017
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas – Population, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on January 3, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on January 3, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Tbilisi. Accessed on January 3, 2017
Wikipedia, Georgia (country). Accessed on January 3, 2017
Population density is much higher within Tbilisi’s city limits with an average 12,100 Tbilisians per square mile (4,700 per square kilometer
Density drops to an average 5,300 people per square mile (2,000 per square kilometer) after Tbilisi’s metropolitan area is added in.
At the country level, Georgia’s density thins to 183 Georgians per square mile (71 per square kilometer).
Tbilisi city limits contain a land area measuring 95 square miles (246 square kilometers), within which an estimated 1.1 million people reside in 2015.
Adding in the surrounding metropolitan area results in a total land area equal to 280 square miles (725 square kilometers), where the population increases to approximately 1.5 million residents.
From the country perspective, Georgia’s land area extends over 26,911 square miles (69,700 square kilometers). The nation’s population count was 4.9 million Georgians at July 2016.
Georgia separated from the Soviet Union on April 9, 1991. Georgians celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each April 9.